Valentin I. Turiiski

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Galantamine is efficacious for vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Its application leads to some negative gastrointestinal side effects. The present study observes galantamine-induced influence on gastrointestinal motility of rats and its effects on isolated gastrointestinal smooth muscles. The gastrointestinal tract was studied by X-ray contrast(More)
Most of the side effects induced by tacrine are associated with the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The aim of the study was to analyze the nature of radiographically registered, tacrine-induced changes in evacuatory function, as well as to find a possible correlation with the immediate in vitro action of the drug on smooth muscles from the GI tracts of rats.(More)
INTRODUCTION Tacrine is a cholinesterase inhibitor used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The drug also has an effect on a number of tissues and organs that are not targets of its therapeutical action in this disease. The gastrointestinal tract is one such affected organ. AIM To investigate the in vitro effects of tacrine on rat stomach smooth(More)
Water-soluble Maillard reaction products obtained from five different model systems were investigated for their effects upon the mechanical activity of rat gastric smooth muscle. Most of the total Maillard reaction products applied at concentration of 1.5 mg/ml evoked contractions; among them the product obtained from arginine and glucose (Arg-Glc) produced(More)
Tacrine, a non-competitive reversible acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholineserase inhibitor, caused a concentration-dependent tonic contraction of gastric smooth muscle preparations in the concentration range 1 x 10(-7) mol/L - 1 x 10(-5) mol/L, whereas concentrations higher than 2 x 10(-5) mol/L induced a biphasic effect; a short-time contraction was(More)
Tacrine is a medication applied in cases of mild to moderate dementia in Alzheimer’s disease. By blocking acetylcholinesterase activity the drug increases the concentration of acetylcholine, whose effects influence the functions of different organs and systems of the body. The effect of tacrine on smooth muscle preparations isolated from rat stomach was(More)
Tacrine, a well-known acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, applied in concentrations higher than 2×10−5 mol/l promoted Ca2+-independent relaxation of rat gastric smooth muscles in experiments in vitro. The relaxation was not cholinergic and was a result of influence of tacrine over intracellular signaling pathways regulating smooth muscle contraction/relaxation.(More)
Intra-abdominal hypertension may increase brain venous pressure, which may lead to brain injury. Elevated intracranial pressure causes encephalopathy and the risk of neuronal damage due to the sharp decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure. Increased intra-abdominal pressure (IIAP) modulates brain perfusion, induces hypoxic changes and impairs memory and(More)
INTRODUCTION Tacrine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. It has an indirect cholinomimetic effect inducing contractions of the gastric smooth muscles. The contractions are related to the effect of the accumulated acetylcholine in tissues on the respective choline receptors. There is a well defined direct correlation between tacrine concentrations and the(More)
BACKGROUND In blood vessels 5-HT stimulates sympathetic nerves, the endothelium and vascular smooth muscle cells. Triptans are specific anti-migraine drugs and they activate the serotoninergic 5HT1b/d receptors causing vasoconstriction of the cerebral vessels. AIM To evaluate the effect of frovatriptan on isolated rat carotid artery. METHODS Contractile(More)