Val Hopwood

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The issue of what constitutes an effective and realistic acupuncture placebo control has been a continuing problem for acupuncture research. In order to provide an effective placebo, the control procedure must be convincing, visible and should mimic, in all respects, apart from a physiological effect, the real active treatment. The 'Streitberger' needle(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of acupuncture on stroke recovery compared to an inert placebo. DESIGN Placebo-controlled, randomised, clinical trial. SETTING Post-stroke rehabilitation wards in five NHS hospitals in the UK. SUBJECTS Patients between 4 and 10 days after their first stroke. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOME MEASURES The patients(More)
Background Acupuncture has been suggested as a treatment for stroke rehabilitation, but the question whether it is effective has not been answered satisfactorily. Purpose To summarise and critically review all randomised controlled trials of the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for stroke. Methods Four independent computerised literature searches(More)
Patients have the right to be fully informed about the likely benefits and risks of any proposed examination or treatment, and practitioners are obliged to obtain informed consent beforehand. Accurate information about the risks of acupuncture is available following publication of the results of two prospective surveys. At a joint meeting on the safety of(More)
This short speculative report describes the outcome of three studies looking at the effect of acupuncture on stroke recovery and the subsequent place of residence of the subjects entered. It is not a systematic review and does not endeavor to provide comprehensive data on the effect of acupuncture on post-stroke recovery. Our observations demonstrate that(More)
In favour of self-acupuncture, this is a useful way to prolong the effects of acupuncture when the response is only brief or patients cannot attend frequently. If the patient is capable and the condition is suitable for self-acupuncture, patients can be taught how to do it and then seen for review. Patients should be provided with complete information(More)
Calls for placebo-controlled randomised trials in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are entirely reasonable. However, they present major methodological problems, particularly when we understand so little about the underlying biological mechanisms involved for many of these therapies. Designing a placebo in CAM is frequently dependent on(More)
This report summarizes a groundbreaking workshop on the strategic direction of acupuncture research which was held in York in early July 2006. Three days were spent discussing the history, the philosophy and the practicalities of researching acupuncture. Attending the workshop were an international group of researchers with varied backgrounds, including(More)
Our research group at Southampton contains a combination of non-clinical researchers as well as CAM and conventional clinicians who have become researchers. The transition from practitioner to practitioner-researcher has led us to question, challenge and re-consider the paradigmatic differences in our practices compared to conventional medicine and how we(More)
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