Val Hopwood

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The issue of what constitutes an effective and realistic acupuncture placebo control has been a continuing problem for acupuncture research. In order to provide an effective placebo, the control procedure must be convincing, visible and should mimic, in all respects, apart from a physiological effect, the real active treatment. The 'Streitberger' needle(More)
BACKGROUND Acupuncture has been suggested as a treatment for stroke rehabilitation, but the question whether it is effective has not been answered satisfactorily. PURPOSE To summarise and critically review all randomised controlled trials of the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for stroke. METHODS Four independent computerised literature(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of acupuncture on stroke recovery compared to an inert placebo. DESIGN Placebo-controlled, randomised, clinical trial. SETTING Post-stroke rehabilitation wards in five NHS hospitals in the UK. SUBJECTS Patients between 4 and 10 days after their first stroke. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOME MEASURES The patients(More)
This short speculative report describes the outcome of three studies looking at the effect of acupuncture on stroke recovery and the subsequent place of residence of the subjects entered. It is not a systematic review and does not endeavor to provide comprehensive data on the effect of acupuncture on post-stroke recovery. Our observations demonstrate that(More)
By using the newly developed adhesive tumor cell culture system, we analyzed the chromosomal constitutions of primary lung tumor and nonmalignant normal lung tissue from 10 previously untreated patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Chromosomal analyses were successfully carried out in banded chromosome preparations from 10 tumor and 8 normal lung tissue(More)
The relation between antibody titres of aspergillus in patients with cystic fibrosis and the population density of their place of residence was investigated. Patients with high titres of antibodies to Aspergillus fumigatus were significantly more likely to live in an area of low population density. Living in a rural environment may predispose to A fumigatus(More)
Calls for placebo-controlled randomised trials in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are entirely reasonable. However, they present major methodological problems, particularly when we understand so little about the underlying biological mechanisms involved for many of these therapies. Designing a placebo in CAM is frequently dependent on(More)
Vaginal swabs from women who on clinical evidence were thought to have vaginal candidosis were examined for yeasts by conventional laboratory methods (microscopy and culture) and also assayed for Candida antigens using a rapid (3 min) slide latex particle agglutination tests. Results showed that a diagnosis of vaginal candidosis based on clinical criteria(More)
This report summarizes a groundbreaking workshop on the strategic direction of acupuncture research which was held in York in early July 2006. Three days were spent discussing the history, the philosophy and the practicalities of researching acupuncture. Attending the workshop were an international group of researchers with varied backgrounds, including(More)
We studied chromosomal alterations in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of 10 individuals with colorectal polyps and 10 asymptomatic first-degree relatives of patients with colon cancer or colorectal polyps. The analysis was performed on T-lymphocytes using short term blood cultures and on B-lymphocytes by establishing lymphoblastoid cell lines by(More)
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