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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to follow the ventricular function and cardiac hypertrophy in rats undergoing a resistance-training program for a period of 3 months. DESIGN Forty animals were divided into two major groups: control (n=16) and resistance trained (n=24). From the resistance-trained group, 12 animals were resistance trained for 1(More)
It has been demonstrated that human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) enhance vascular density in ischemic tissues, suggesting that they can differentiate into vascular cells or release angiogenic factors that may stimulate neoangiogenesis. Moreover, there is evidence that shear stress (SS) may activate proliferation and differentiation(More)
Approximately 90% of melanomas retain wild-type p53, a characteristic that may help shape the development of novel treatment strategies. Here, we employed an adenoviral vector where transgene expression is controlled by p53 to deliver the p19 alternate reading frame (Arf) and interferon-β (IFNβ) complementary DNAs in the B16 mouse model of melanoma. In(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial infarction (MI) is accompanied by cardiac growth, increased collagen deposition, cell death and new vascularization of the cardiac tissue, which results in reduced ventricular compliance. The MiRNA-29 family (29a, 29b, and 29c) targets mRNAs that encode collagens and other proteins involved in fibrosis. In this study we assessed the(More)
INTRODUCTION This study addressed the role of the local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) induced by swimming training using pharmacological blockade. MATERIALS AND METHODS Female Wistar rats treated with enalapril maleate (60 mg.kg(-1).d( -1), n=38), losartan (20 mg.kg(-1).d(-1), n=36) or high salt diet (1% NaCl,(More)
Resistance training is accompanied by cardiac hypertrophy, but the role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in this response is elusive. We evaluated this question in 36 male Wistar rats divided into six groups: control (n=6); trained (n=6); control+losartan (10 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), n=6); trained+losartan (n=6); control+high-salt diet (1%, n=6); and(More)
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is an important physiological compensatory mechanism in response to chronic increase in hemodynamic overload. There are two different forms of LV hypertrophy, one physiological and another pathological. Aerobic exercise induces beneficial physiological LV remodeling. The molecular/cellular mechanisms for this effect are not(More)
AIMS Cysteine- and glycine-rich protein 3/muscle LIM-domain protein (CRP3/MLP) mediates protein-protein interaction with actin filaments in the heart and is involved in muscle differentiation and vascular remodelling. Here, we assessed the induction of CRP3/MLP expression during arterialization in human and rat veins. METHODS AND RESULTS Vascular CRP3/MLP(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of swimming training on the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) during the development of hypertensive disease. MAIN METHODS Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were randomized into: sedentary young (SY), trained young (TY), sedentary adult (SA), and trained adult (TA) groups. Swimming was performed 5 times/wk/8wks. KEY(More)
We tested the hypothesis that AT1R blockade modulates the shear stress-induced (SS) synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) in endothelial cells (EC). The AT1R blocker Candesartan in the absence of the ligand angiotensin II (ang II) potentiated SS-induced NO synthesis accompanied by increased p-eNOS(Ser1177) and decreased p-eNOS(Thr495). Candesartan also inhibited(More)