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An increased neurogenesis is reported in animal models of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) but the fate of newborn cells is unknown. Here, we attempted to demonstrate neurogenesis in adult epileptic tissue obtained after hippocampectomy. MTLE hippocampi showed increased expression of division markers and of Musashi-1, a marker of neural progenitors,(More)
Previous studies from our group, focusing on neuro-glial remodelling in human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), have shown the presence of immature vascular cells in various areas of the hippocampus. Here, we investigated angiogenic processes in hippocampi surgically removed from adult patients suffering from chronic intractable TLE, with various aetiologies.(More)
Adult human and rodent brains contain neural stem and progenitor cells, and the presence of neural stem cells in the adult rodent spinal cord has also been described. Here, using electron microscopy, expression of neural precursor cell markers, and cell culture, we investigated whether neural precursor cells are also present in adult human spinal cord. In(More)
This work aims to prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumors (PCNST), in France, for which histological diagnosis is available. The objectives are to create a national registry and a network to perform epidemiological studies, to implement clinical and basic research protocols, and to harmonize the healthcare of patients affected by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This work aimed at prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis was available. The objectives were to (i) create a national database and network to perform epidemiological studies, (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols, and (iii) harmonize the(More)
We previously reported that blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption was associated with a pathologic angiogenesis in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and in vivo models. This was confirmed by the overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in neurons and astrocytes and of its receptor vascular endothelial growth factor-2(More)
Focal epilepsies are often associated with blood-brain barrier disruption. In 4 entorhinal cortex tissue samples and 13 hippocampal samples from patients with pharmacoresistent temporal lobe epilepsy, we observed immunoglobulin G (IgG) leakage in the parenchyma and IgG-positive neurons that had evidence of neurodegeneration, such as shrinkage and(More)
OBJECT The spontaneous prognostic factors and optimal therapeutic strategy for WHO Grade II gliomas (GIIGs) have yet to be unanimously defined. Specifically, the role of resection is still debated, most notably because the actual amount of resection has seldom been assessed. METHODS Cases of GIIGs treated before December 2007 were extracted from a(More)
This work aimed to prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis is available. The objectives were to (i) create a national registry and a network to perform epidemiological studies; (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols; and (iii) harmonize the health care of patients(More)
Diffuse WHO grade II (GIIG) may be unresectable when involving critical structures. To assess the feasibility and functional tolerance (cognition and quality of life) of an original therapeutic strategy combining neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical resection for initially inoperable GIIG. Ten patients underwent Temozolomide for unresectable GIIG,(More)