Valérie Piguet

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BACKGROUND Drug-induced long QT syndrome is a serious adverse drug reaction. Methadone prolongs the QT interval in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. In the inpatient setting, the frequency of QT interval prolongation with methadone treatment, its dose dependence, and the importance of cofactors such as drug-drug interactions remain unknown. METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibromyalgia (FM) has been related to biochemical alterations, central pain sensitization and psychological distress. Among genetic and environmental hypotheses, a role was suggested for catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT), a modulator in the metabolism of monoaminergic neurotransmitters. METHOD This study compared the COMT Val158Met enzyme(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the impact of certain genetic polymorphisms on variable responses to analgesics SOURCES Systematic review, by means of a structured computerized search in the Medline database (1966-2004). Articles in English and French were selected. References in relevant articles were also retrieved. MAIN FINDINGS Most analgesics are(More)
The use of analgesics is based on the empiric administration of a given drug with clinical monitoring for efficacy and toxicity. However, individual responses to drugs are influenced by a combination of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic factors that can sometimes be regulated by genetic factors. Whereas polymorphic drug-metabolizing enzymes and drug(More)
UNLABELLED Neurobiological evidence points to altered central nervous system processing of nociceptive stimuli in fibromyalgia. Enzymes like catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT) are involved in the elimination of catecholamines playing a possible role in central sensitization and pain. We used quantitative sensory testing to evidence central sensitization(More)
Pain is one of the most debilitating symptoms that presents with neuropathy. Neuropathic pain syndrome is a challenge to treat and, even with appropriate evidence-based treatment, only a 40% reduction of symptoms can be achieved in approximately half of patients. Furthermore, efficient doses are often difficult to obtain because of adverse effects. These(More)
BACKGROUND Investigations based on quantitative sensory testing have consistently shown evidence of allodynia in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) patients involving both the spinal and supraspinal pain regulatory systems. Functional imaging studies have demonstrated enhanced neural activities in pain-related brain areas as well as impairment of pain inhibition(More)
Low back pain (LBP) and sciatica are highly prevalent and their treatment remains a clinical challenge. Systemic or local administration of corticosteroids is frequently prescribed for this indication, partly because its pathogenesis is believed to be a mix between mechanical and inflammatory phenomenon, and because corticosteroids do have some analgesic(More)
OBJECTIVE Collaborative quality improvement programs have been successfully used to manage chronic diseases in adults and acute lung complications in premature infants. Their effectiveness to improve pain management in acute care hospitals is currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a collaborative quality improvement program(More)