Chronic liver disease (CLD) leads to a spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders named hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Even though brain energy metabolism is believed to be altered in chronic HE, few studies have explored energy metabolism in CLD-induced HE, and their findings were inconsistent. The aim of this study was to characterize for the first time in vivo… (More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to characterize key clinical manifestations of lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL D) in children and adults. METHODS Investigators reviewed medical records of LAL D patients ages ≥5 years, extracted historical data, and obtained prospective laboratory and imaging data on living patients to develop a longitudinal… (More)
C57BL/6 mice are the most widely used strain of laboratory mice. Using in vivo proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy ((1)H MRS), we have repeatedly observed an abnormal neurochemical profile in the brains of both wild-type and genetically modified mice derived from the C57BL/6J strain, consisting of a several fold increase in cerebral glutamine and two… (More)
BACKGROUND Psycho-social outcome in children after liver transplantation (LT) is known to be inferior to age-related peers. Yet, when children and their parents are questioned by their nurse or physician about the child's psycho-social well-being, the answers usually are very positive. We hypothesized that patients and their parents after LT report their… (More)
Since 1989, all pediatric liver transplants in Switzerland are centralized at the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG). Approximately 125 children have received transplants since then, and their survival rate is greater than 90% - one of the highest in Europe. Maximizing the chances of success requires that patients understand and comply with follow-up… (More)
Making endocrine pancreas cells at will is one of the major goals of cellular based therapies for diabetes. The experimentally induced conversion of hepatocytes into pancreatic cells, using a modified version of the transcription factor Pdx-1, may provide an alternative to stem cell approaches.