Valérie Leblanc

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Recently, (Collier-Baker E, Davis JM, Suddendorf T (2004) J Comp Psychol 118:421–433) suggested that domestic dogs do not understand invisible displacements. In the present study, we further investigated the hypothesis that the search behavior of domestic dogs in invisible displacements is guided by various visual cues inherent to the task rather than by(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with advanced ankylosing spondylitis (AS) experience disability because of reduced spinal mobility and pulmonary function impairment. This placebo-controlled study evaluated the effect of etanercept (ETN) in patients with advanced AS. METHODS A multicentre randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial of 12 weeks' duration was(More)
A growing body of evidence supports that the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which occurs during cancer development and progression, has a crucial role in metastasis by enhancing the motility of tumor cells. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is known to induce EMT in a number of cancer cell types; however, the mechanism underlying this(More)
BACKGROUND During early rat pregnancy, trophoblast of the tiny embryo joins with the endometrium and epithelial cells undergo apoptosis. Near the end of pregnancy, regression of the decidua basalis (DB) is also observed (from day 14 to 20). However, little is known about the intra-cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in apoptosis regulation in the(More)
The Apc1638N mouse carries a targeted mutant allele at the endogenous adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) gene and represents a unique in vivo model to study intestinal tumor formation and progression. Heterozygous Apc+/Apc1638N mice progressively develop 5-6 adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the small intestine within the first 6 months of life following a(More)
Human carcinomas often show resistance to cisplatin and Bcl-2 is associated with resistance to cisplatin. However, Bcl-2 regulation on cisplatin treatment in human cancers is unknown. Here, we show a novel mechanism by which cisplatin treatment promotes resistance by increasing the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA. Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expression was increased in(More)
This paper describes the design, fabrication, and testing of electrostatically actuated microshutters used as active shadow masks to pattern evaporated materials. The fabricated microshutters can obstruct a 25-mum-wide aperture at an actuation voltage of 90 V, with a resonant frequency of 4 kHz due to a 400-mum-long actuator. The microshutters integrated(More)
Proteins of the Ras superfamily, Ras, Rac, Rho, and Cdc42, control the remodelling of the cortical actin cytoskeleton following growth factor stimulation. A major regulator of Ras, Ras-GAP, contains several structural motifs, including an SH3 domain and two SH2 domains, and there is evidence that they harbor a signalling function. We have previously(More)
Spatial memory of domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) for hidden objects was investigated via a visible displacement problem of object permanence with a detour paradigm. Experiment 1 showed that dogs were able to spontaneously locate a disappearing object in a detour situation. In Experiments 2 and 3, dead reckoning and allocentric spatial information were put(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are critical regulators of a number of reproductive processes. To date, the presence and regulation of PGS in the rat endometrium have not yet been described. The objective of the present study was to investigate the expression of PGD synthase (PGDS) and prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) in the endometrium. Endometrial proteins and tissues(More)