Valérie Goua

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BACKGROUND Studies relying on outdoor pollutants measures have reported associations between air pollutants and birth weight. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to assess the relation between maternal personal exposure to airborne benzene during pregnancy and fetal growth. METHODS We recruited pregnant women in two French maternity hospitals in 2005-2006 as part of(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental prenatal exposure to potentially neurotoxic metals poses a particular challenge with regard to the study of early toxic effects. Monoamine oxidase activity, shown to be influenced by metals in experimental studies, could be a useful biomarker in humans. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between blood metal concentrations at(More)
Maternal seafood intake is of great health interest since it constitutes an important source of n-3 fatty acids, but provides also an important pathway for fetal exposure to Hg. The objective of the present study was to determine associations between Hg contamination and both maternal seafood consumption and fetal growth in French pregnant women. Pregnant(More)
To study the relationship between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy with pregnancy and birth outcomes, with a focus on gestational diabetes and hypertension and their role in the association with fetal growth. We studied 1,884 mothers and offspring from the Eden mother–child cohort. Weight before pregnancy (W1) and weight(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this work was to compare breastfeeding practices, perceptions, and infant weight change of prepregnant obese versus normal-weight mothers in the first 3 months postpartum. PATIENTS AND METHODS For the prospective case-control study, obese mothers (prepregnant BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)) were matched with normal-weight mothers (18.5 <(More)
BACKGROUND Prior studies revealed associations of environmental lead exposure with risks of hypertension and elevated blood pressure. OBJECTIVE We examined the effect of blood lead levels on blood pressure and the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. METHODS One thousand seventeen pregnant(More)
The present study aims to determine to which extent social withdrawal at 1 year is associated with the child’s IQ at the end of the preschool period. Children (N = 1045) from the EDEN mother–child cohort were assessed for social withdrawal behaviours at 1 year by trained midwives using the Alarm Distress BaBy (ADBB) scale. Midwives also examined infants’(More)
OBJECTIVE In small-for-gestational-age neonates, parental and fetal characteristics can be used to distinguish between constitutionally small size and growth restriction, which is associated with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to quantify relationships of parental and fetal characteristics with fetal ultrasound(More)
Recent studies suggest a benefit of seafood and n-3 fatty acid intake on fetal growth and infant development. The objective was to study the association between fatty acid intake and fetal growth in pregnant French women. Pregnant women included in the EDEN mother-child cohort study completed FFQ on their usual diet: (1) in the year before pregnancy and (2)(More)
Studies in countries with high seafood consumption have shown a benefit on fetal growth and child development. The objective of our study was to determine the association between seafood consumption in French pregnant women and fetal growth. Pregnant women included in the EDEN mother-child cohort study completed two food frequency questionnaires on their(More)