Valérie F Duvivier-Kali

Learn More
Stimulation of insulin secretion by the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) has been found to be diminished in type 2 diabetes. We hypothesized that this impairment is due to a defect at the receptor level induced by the diabetic state, particularly hyperglycemia. Gene expression of incretin(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is crucial for protein turnover. Part of the pathway involves deubiquitination, which is carried out by cystein proteases known as ubiquitin COOH-terminal hydrolases. The isoform Uch-L1 was found to be present in large amounts in rat islets by immunostaining, Western blot analysis, and RT-PCR. Culturing islets in high(More)
We describe a new technique for microencapsulation with high-mannuronic acid (high-M) alginate crosslinked with BaCl(2) without a traditional permselective component, which allows the production of biocompatible capsules that allow prolonged survival of syngeneic and allogeneic transplanted islets in diabetic BALB/c and NOD mice for >350 days. The(More)
BACKGROUND To follow up on previously successful transplantation of encapsulated islets in mice, the present study was performed in rats to determine the effects of several factors, including alginate composition and concentration of cross-linking agent and capsule size on the effectiveness of encapsulated islets. METHODS Highly purified alginate of(More)
BACKGROUND A major problem facing islet transplantation is immune destruction of grafts by transplant rejection and autoimmunity. Some success in prolonging graft rejection has been obtained by transducing islets prior to transplantation with adenoviral (Ad) vectors containing CTLA4-Ig and TGFbeta. The purpose of this study was to see if lentiviral (LV)(More)
Differentiation and maturation of porcine neonatal pancreatic cell clusters (NPCCs) microencapsulated in barium alginate were assessed after transplantation into immunocompetent mice. Microencapsulated NPCCs were transplanted into the peritoneal cavity of streptozocin-induced diabetic B6AF1 mice (n = 32). The microcapsules were removed at 2, 6, and 20 weeks(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia has been shown to influence primary function of islet isografts. In this study, we investigated the influence of hyperglycemia on primary function of allogeneic islets transplanted into spontaneously diabetic recipients (NOD) or streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice (BALB/c). METHODS Mice with moderate, severe, or very severe(More)
Recently, islet transplantation in patients with type 1 diabetes has had greater success than in the past, but the important question of whether the kinetics of islet secretion are able to accommodate the metabolic demands of special conditions such as exercise remains unanswered. Syngeneic rat islets (4,000 islet equivalents/rat) were transplanted into the(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the capacity of simple alginate capsules to protect adult pig islets in a model of xenotransplantation. Adult pig islets were microencapsulated in alginate, with either single alginate coats (SAC) or double alginate coats (DAC), and transplanted into the streptozotocin-induced diabetic B6AF1 mice. Normalization of glucose(More)
  • 1