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Tau proteins belong to the family of microtubule-associated proteins. They are mainly expressed in neurons where they play an important role in the assembly of tubulin monomers into microtubules to constitute the neuronal microtubules network. Microtubules are involved in maintaining the cell shape and serve as tracks for axonal transport. Tau proteins also(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this work was to assess, in vitro, the passage of P-glycoprotein dependent drugs across brain capillary endothelial cells, when these drugs are associated with a reversing agent. METHODS An in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier consisting of a coculture of brain capillary endothelial cells and astrocytes was used. RESULTS We(More)
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by an intraneuronal aggregation of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins into paired helical filaments. The hyperphosphorylation of tau proteins induces a decrease in their electrophoretic mobility, resulting in a pathological tau triplet referred to as tau 55, 64 and 69 or tau-PHF. We have developed monoclonal antibodies(More)
BACKGROUND There is a growing interest in the involvement of anesthetic agents in the etiology of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Recent animal studies suggest that acute anesthesia induces transient hyperphosphorylation of tau, an effect essentially ascribed to hypothermia. The main aim of the present study was to investigate effects, in normothermic(More)
The τ pathology found in Alzheimer disease (AD) is crucial in cognitive decline. Midlife development of obesity, a major risk factor of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, increases the risk of dementia and AD later in life. The impact of obesity on AD risk has been suggested to be related to central insulin resistance, secondary to peripheral insulin(More)
Mechanisms for selective targeting to unique subcellular sites play an important role in determining the substrate specificities of protein kinases. Here we show that stress-activated protein kinase-3 (SAPK3, also called ERK6 and p38gamma), a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family that is abundantly expressed in skeletal muscle, binds through(More)
Tau pathology is characterized by intracellular aggregates of abnormally and hyperphosphorylated tau proteins. It is encountered in many neurodegenerative disorders, but also in aging. These neurodegenerative disorders are referred to as tauopathies. Comparative biochemistry of the tau aggregates shows that they differ in both tau isoform phosphorylation(More)
It is becoming increasingly apparent that non-neuronal cells play a critical role in generating and regulating the flow of information within the brain. Among these non-neuronal cells, astroglial cells have been shown to play important roles in the control of both synaptic transmission and neurosecretion. In addition to modulating neuronal activity,(More)
Stress-activated protein kinase-3 (SAPK3), a recently described MAP kinase family member with a wide-spread tissue distribution, was transfected into several mammalian cell lines and shown to be activated in response to cellular stresses, interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) in a similar manner to SAPK1 (also termed JNK) and SAPK2 (also(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles are observed in several neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/parkinsonism-dementia complex of Guam. The major components of neurofibrillary tangles are hyperphosphorylated tau proteins that can be directly detected in brain homogenates, using(More)