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AIMS Oxidants have been implicated in the pathophysiology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), especially in myofibroblastic differentiation. We aimed at testing the hypothesis that nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), the main regulator of endogenous antioxidant enzymes, is involved in fibrogenesis via myofibroblastic differentiation.(More)
A viable but non-culturable (VBNC) bacterial state was originally detected in studies in environmental microbiology. In particular, this state has been demonstrated for a number of human pathogens (Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Vibrio cholerae, Legionella pneumophila and Campylobacter jejuni). The presence of VBNC cells poses a major public(More)
The bronchioles of the murine lung are lined by a simple columnar epithelium composed of ciliated, Clara, and goblet cells that together mediate barrier function, mucociliary clearance and innate host defense, vital for pulmonary homeostasis. In the present work, we demonstrate that expression of Sox2 in Clara cells is required for the differentiation of(More)
The role of Stat3 in the maintenance of pulmonary homeostasis following adenoviral-mediated lung injury was assessed in vivo. Stat3 was selectively deleted from bronchiolar and alveolar epithelial cells in Stat3(DeltaDelta) mice. Although lung histology and function were unaltered by deletion of Stat3 in vivo, Stat3(DeltaDelta) mice were highly susceptible(More)
Foxa1 is a member of the winged helix family of transcription factors that is expressed in epithelial cells of the conducting airways and in alveolar type II cells of the lung. To determine the role of Foxa1 during lung morphogenesis, histology and gene expression were assessed in lungs from Foxa1-/- gene-targeted mice from embryonic day (E) 16.5 to(More)
Kruppel-like factor 5 (Klf5) is a transcription factor expressed by embryonic endodermal progenitors that form the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. A Klf5 floxed allele was efficiently deleted from the intestinal epithelium by a Cre transgene under control of the Shh promoter resulting in the inhibition of villus morphogenesis and epithelial(More)
This review focuses on the roles of NADPH oxidase/NOX proteins in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) pathophysiology and in the signalling pathways involved in IPF. NOX proteins are membrane-associated multi-unit enzymes that catalyze the reduction of oxygen using NADPH as an electron donor. Recent studies indicate that NOX4 is induced in pulmonary(More)
An activated form of beta-catenin [Catnb(Delta(ex3))] was expressed in respiratory epithelial cells of the developing lung. Although morphogenesis was not altered at birth, air space enlargement and epithelial cell dysplasia were observed in the early postnatal period and persisted into adulthood. The Catnb(Delta(ex3)) protein caused squamous, cuboidal, and(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating disease characterized by the proliferation of myofibroblasts and the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the lungs. TGF-β1 is the major profibrotic cytokine involved in IPF and is responsible for myofibroblast proliferation and differentiation and ECM synthesis. αB-crystallin is constitutively(More)
Investigations of bacterial survival in natural environments have indicated that some organisms lose culturability on appropriate media under certain conditions and yet still exhibit signs of metabolic activity and thus viability. This reproducible loss of culturability in many bacterial species led to the description of a "Viable But Non Culturable" (VBNC)(More)