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In the bone marrow, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside in specific niches near osteoblast-lineage cells at the endosteum. To investigate the regulation of these endosteal niches, we studied the mobilization of HSCs into the bloodstream in response to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). We report that G-CSF mobilization rapidly depletes(More)
Despite the fact that many hypoxia-inducible genes are important in hematopoiesis, the spatial distribution of oxygen in the bone marrow (BM) has not previously been explored in vivo. Using the hypoxia bioprobe pimonidazole, we showed by confocal laser scanning microscopy that the endosteum at the bone-BM interface is hypoxic, with constitutive expression(More)
The CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 is progressively replacing cyclophosphamide (CYP) as adjuvant to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) for autologous transplants in patients who failed prior mobilization with G-CSF alone. It has recently emerged that G-CSF mediates HSC mobilization and inhibits bone formation(More)
The microenvironment, or niche, surrounding a stem cell largely governs its cellular fate. Two anatomical niches for hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) have been reported in the bone marrow, but a distinct function for each of these niches remains unclear. Here we report a new role for the adhesion molecule E-selectin expressed exclusively by bone marrow(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niches have been reported at the endosteum or adjacent to bone marrow (BM) vasculature. To investigate functional attributes of these niches, mice were perfused with Hoechst 33342 (Ho) in vivo before BM cell collection in presence of pump inhibitors and antibody stained. We report that the position of phenotypic HSCs,(More)
Osteoblasts are necessary to B lymphopoiesis and mobilizing doses of G-CSF or cyclophosphamide inhibit osteoblasts, whereas AMD3100/Plerixafor does not. However, the effect of these mobilizing agents on B lymphopoiesis has not been reported. Mice (wild-type, knocked-out for TNF-α and TRAIL, or over-expressing Bcl-2) were mobilized with G-CSF,(More)
UNLABELLED Quiescent hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) preferentially reside in poorly perfused niches that may be relatively hypoxic. Most of the cellular effects of hypoxia are mediated by O2-labile hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs). To investigate the effects of hypoxia on HSCs, we blocked O2-dependent HIF-1α degradation in vivo in mice by(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP-3) inhibits matrix metalloproteinases and membrane-bound sheddases. TIMP-3 is associated with the extracellular matrix and is expressed in highly remodeling tissues. TIMP-3 function in the hematopoietic system is unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We now report that TIMP-3 is highly expressed(More)
The MYB oncogene is widely expressed in acute leukemias and is important for the continued proliferation of leukemia cells, suggesting that MYB may be a therapeutic target in these diseases. However, realization of this potential requires a significant therapeutic window for MYB inhibition, given its essential role in normal hematopoiesis, and an approach(More)
Neurological heterotopic ossification (NHO) is the abnormal formation of bone in soft tissues as a consequence of spinal cord or traumatic brain injury. NHO causes pain, ankyloses, vascular and nerve compression and delays rehabilitation in this high-morbidity patient group. The pathological mechanisms leading to NHO remain unknown and consequently there(More)