Learn More
OBJECTIVES An enhanced endothelial formation of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), is thought to contribute to the protective effect of moderate consumption of red wine on coronary diseases. The present study has characterized endothelium-dependent relaxations to Concord grape juice (CGJ), a non-alcoholic rich source of(More)
Consumption of polyphenol-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables, and beverages derived from plants, such as cocoa, red wine and tea, may represent a beneficial diet in terms of cardiovascular protection. Indeed, epidemiological studies demonstrate a significant inverse correlation between polyphenol consumption and cardiovascular risk. Among the(More)
Inverted CCAAT box-binding protein of 90 kDa (ICBP90) is over-expressed in several types of cancer, including breast, prostate and lung cancers. In search for proteins that interact with the set and ring-associated (SRA) domain of ICBP90, we used the two-hybrid system and screened a placental cDNA library. Several clones coding for a new domain of DNMT1(More)
The salvage anti-tumoral pathway which implicates the p53-related p73 gene is not yet fully characterized. We therefore attempted to identify the up- and down-stream events involved in the activation of the p73-dependent pro-apoptotic pathway, by focusing on the anti-apoptotic and epigenetic integrator UHRF1 which is essential for cell cycle progression.(More)
Nitric oxide synthases are expressed in breast cancer. To elucidate the clinical role of the inducible NOS (i-NOS) in human breast cancer, 161 primary breast cancer tissues were stained immunohistochemically. Staining patterns for i-NOS were correlated with classical prognostic factors such as lymph node status, age, hormonal receptor status, tumour size(More)
The inhibition of arterial tone produced by two nitric oxide (NO) derivatives of biological relevance, dinitrosyl-iron complexes with cysteine (DNIC-CYS) or with glutathione (DNIC-GSH), was compared. Both compounds induced vasorelaxation within the same concentration range (3-300 nM) in endothelium-denuded rat aortic rings. Consistent with a faster rate of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Drinking red wine is associated with a decreased mortality from coronary heart diseases. This study examined whether polyphenols contained in a grape skin extract (GSE) triggered the endothelial formation of nitric oxide (NO) and investigated the underlying mechanism. METHODS Vascular reactivity was assessed in organ chambers using porcine(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) is present in various human solid tumors and tumor cell lines, and it is believed that NO plays an important role in tumor growth. An increased NO concentration catalyzed by NO synthase (NOS) is cytotoxic and can promote apoptosis. The expression of endothelial NOS (e-NOS) and induced NOS (i-NOS) was examined in various breast(More)
OBJECTIVE Moderate consumption of red wine has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. This study examines whether red wine polyphenolic compounds (RWPCs) affect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, a major angiogenic and proatherosclerotic factor in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). METHODS AND RESULTS VEGF mRNA expression(More)
Epidemiological studies have reported a greater reduction in cardiovascular risk and metabolic disorders associated with diets rich in polyphenols. The antioxidant effects of polyphenols are attributed to the regulation of redox enzymes by reducing reactive oxygen species production from mitochondria, NADPH oxidases and uncoupled endothelial NO synthase in(More)