Valéria Nasser Figueiredo

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UNLABELLED Resistant hypertensive (RHTN) patients have endothelial dysfunction and aldosterone excess, which contribute to the development of resistance to antihypertensive treatment and cardiovascular complications. Biophysical forces within the arterial wall provide functional regulation of arterial stiffness. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) and(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced zinc intake has been related to atherogenesis and arteriosclerosis. We verified this assumption in very old individuals, which are particularly prone to both zinc deficiency and structural and functional changes in the arterial wall. METHODS Subjects (n = 201, 80-102 years) with uneventful cardiovascular history and who were not in use(More)
Resistant hypertension (RHTN) includes patients whose blood pressure (BP) is controlled with the use of four or more antihypertensive medications, and is referred to as 'controlled resistant hypertension' (CRH). While specifically comparing patients with CRH and uncontrolled resistant hypertension (UCRH), we hoped to identify distinguishing characteristics(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension, diabetes and obesity are not isolated findings, but a series of interacting interactive physiologic derangements. Taking into account genetic background and lifestyle behavior, AI (autonomic imbalance) could be a common root for RHTN (resistant hypertension) or RHTN plus type 2 diabetes (T2D) comorbidity development. Moreover,(More)
Resistant hypertension (RHTN) includes both patients whose blood pressure (BP) is uncontrolled on three or more medications (uncontrolled RHTN (UCRH)) and patients whose BP is controlled with use of four or more drugs (controlled RHTN (CRH)). It is unknown whether endothelial function and nocturnal drop demonstrate a similar pattern in patients with CRH and(More)
Obesity, arterial stiffness and high aldosterone levels can interact to cause resistant hypertension (RHTN). Lower adiponectin (APN) levels may be significantly associated with hypertension. However, the importance of hypoadiponectinemia as a complicating factor in the lack of blood pressure (BP) control in individuals with RHTN has not been demonstrated.(More)
Leptin and aldosterone have been associated with the pathophysiological mechanisms of hypertension. However, despite studies showing the association of leptin with intima-media thickness, arterial distensibility and sympathetic nerve activation, the relationship between leptin and blood pressure (BP) in resistant hypertension (RHTN) is unknown. We aimed to(More)
OBJECTIVE Human anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) monoclonal antibody (infliximab) is used to treat autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although the risk of worsening heart failure has been described in patients under chronic treatment, the acute cardiovascular effects of this drug are unknown in RA patients without heart failure. (More)
The decrease in insulin sensitivity (IS) during myocardial infarction (MI) is recognized as a possible contributor to poor patient outcomes. Despite its potential relevance, a standardized and convenient IS assessment tool has yet to be established for said clinical scenarios. This study aimed to validate the accuracy of surrogate indexes in determining IS(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic dysglycemia was recently identified as a predictor for adverse outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by percutaneous coronary intervention. Data for non-diabetic patients who underwent thrombolysis is scarce. In this context, we aimed to study the effect of HbA1c on cardiovascular outcome after STEMI.(More)