Valéria Adriana Pereira

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The pharmacokinetics of propranolol may be altered by hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), resulting in unpredictable postoperative hemodynamic responses to usual doses. The objective of the present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of propranolol in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) by CPB under moderate(More)
Direct enantioselective separation on chiral stationary phases and indirect separation based on the formation of diastereomeric derivatives were developed and compared for the HPLC analysis of R(+) and S(-)-metoprolol in human plasma. Plasma samples prepared using solid-phase extraction columns or liquid-liquid extraction were directly analyzed on a(More)
A simple, rapid, selective, and sensitive analytical method was developed for the quantification of atenolol in small volumes of plasma, by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Only 200 microL of plasma was used for chromatographic analysis. Separation was performed on a C18 reverse-phase column (4 microm) using a binary(More)
We describe a new simple, selective and sensitive micromethod based on HPLC and fluorescence detection to measure debrisoquine (D) and 4-hydroxydebrisoquine (4-OHD) in urine for the investigation of xenobiotic metabolism by debrisoquine hydroxylase (CYP2D6). Four hundred microl of urine was required for the analysis of D and 4-OHD. Peaks were eluted at 8.3(More)
Thermal shock is widely recognized by modern medicine. Its pathophysiological mechanisms are known, as are its possible consequences, but scientific reports in the literature about clinical cases with severe consequences are sparse. The authors present a case of cardiorespiratory arrest after prolonged sun exposure followed by a dive in the ocean. Other(More)
PURPOSE Cardiopulmonary bypass is known to alter propofol pharmacokinetics in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, few studies have evaluated the impact of these alterations on postoperative pharmacodynamics. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that changes in propofol pharmacokinetics increase hypnotic effects after cardiopulmonary(More)
R,S-sotalol, a ss-blocker drug with class III antiarrhythmic properties, is prescribed to patients with ventricular, atrial and supraventricular arrhythmias. A simple and sensitive method based on HPLC-fluorescence is described for the quantification of R,S-sotalol racemate in 500 microl of plasma. R,S-sotalol and its internal standard (atenolol) were(More)
Propranolol plasma levels and kinetic disposition may be altered by hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB-H). We investigated the potential influence of obesity on propranolol pharmacokinetics in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting employing CPB-H. Fifteen patients, receiving propranolol perorally pre(1040 mg, 2-3 times a day) and(More)
The pharmacokinetics of some beta-blockers are altered by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The objective of this study was to compare the effect of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery employing CPB on the pharmacokinetics of propranolol and atenolol. We studied patients receiving oral propranolol with doses ranging from 80 to 240 mg (N = 11) or(More)
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