Vakara Meyer

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Small-animal models are needed to test human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine efficacy following viral challenge. To this end, we examined HIV-1-specific immune responses following immunization of nonobese diabetic-severe combined immunodeficient mice that were repopulated with human peripheral blood lymphocytes (hu-PBL-NOD/SCID mice). Autologous(More)
The TAL1 gene is disrupted by translocation or deletion (tal(d)) in up to 30% of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL), leading to aberrant transcriptional activation, as a SIL-TAL1 fused transcript in tal(d). It has been suggested that TAL1 transcription occurs in approximately 50% of a T-ALLs without apparent rearrangement. SIL-TAL1 was positive in(More)
Major disadvantages of human adenovirus (hAd) vectors in gene therapy include preexisting or induced immune responses, and possible coreplication of recombinant hAd in the presence of wild-type hAds. These disadvantages may be overcome by using nonhuman, animal adenoviruses (aAds). We evaluated four different aAds for their potential use as viral vectors.(More)
Cognitive, behavioral, and motor impairments, during progressive human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, are linked to activation of brain mononuclear phagocytes (MP; perivascular macrophages and microglia). Activated MPs effect a giant cell encephalitis and neuroinflammatory responses that are mirrored in severe combined immunodeficient(More)
Regulation of CNTF mRNA was investigated in primary cortical astrocytes cultured from newborn rats and in C6 glioma cells. Northern blot analysis indicated that semi-confluent astrocyte cell cultures. CNTF added to confluent astrocyte cultures down-regulated CNTF message in a dose-dependent fashion. In contrast, when CNTF was given to semi-confluent(More)
We report the cloning of the noisette gene (noi), which encodes the Drosophila melanogaster ortholog of a U2 snRNP-associated splicing factor, SF3a60 (SAP61) in humans and PRP9p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Antibodies raised against human SF3a60 recognized NOI in flies, showing a nuclear localization in all the stages examined, including the embryo, the(More)
Human glia are essential cellular models used for studies of neurodegenerative diseases. Fetal neuroglia are commonly used, as they can be recovered in large quantities and sustained for long periods in culture. However, fetal neuroglia may have limitations in reflecting adult diseases and additionally can pose ethical issues in translating products of(More)
We studied the molecular composition of the neurotrophic/growth factor cocktail synthesized, stored and liberated by adrenomedullary chro-maffi cells. Chromaffin cells have a dual capacity as models of the neuronal biochemical machinery and as therapeutic tools (implants) in several neural disorders, most notably Parkin-son's disease. Cultured bovine(More)