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In Arabidopsis and other plants there are multiple calmodulin isoforms. However, the role of these isoforms in regulating the activity of target proteins is obscure. Here, we analyzed the interaction between a kinesin-like calmodulin-binding motor protein (Reddy, A. S. N., Safadi, F., Narasimhulu, S. B., Golovkin, M., and Hu, X. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271,(More)
second messenger in eukaryotes, and calmodulin regulate some kinesins by causing the motor to dissociate from its biological track, the microtubule. Our focus was the mechanism of calcium regulation of kinesin at atomic resolution. Here we report the crystal structure of kinesin-like calmodulin binding protein (KCBP) from potato resolved to 2.3 Å. The(More)
Analysis of the recently completed Arabidopsis genome sequence indicates that approximately 31% of the predicted genes could not be assigned to functional categories, as they do not show any sequence similarity with proteins of known function from other organisms. Calmodulin (CaM), a ubiquitous and multifunctional Ca(2+) sensor, interacts with a wide(More)
Calcium is essential for pollen germination and pollen tube growth. A large body of information has established a link between elevation of cytosolic Ca(2+) at the pollen tube tip and its growth. Since the action of Ca(2+) is primarily mediated by Ca(2+)-binding proteins such as calmodulin (CaM), identification of CaM-binding proteins in pollen should(More)
Plant kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) is a novel member of the kinesin superfamily that interacts with calmodulin (CaM) via its CaM-binding domain (CBD). Activated CaM (Ca(2+)-CaM) has been shown to inhibit KCBP interaction with microtubules (MTs) thereby abolishing its motor- and MT-dependent ATPase activities. To test whether the fusion of(More)
Alkalophilic Bacillus sp. strain NG-27 produces a 42-kDa endoxylanase active at 70 degrees C and at a pH of 8.4. The gene for this endoxylanase was cloned and sequenced. The gene contained one open reading frame of 1,215 bases. An active site characteristic of the family 10 beta-glycanases was recognized between amino acids 303 and 313, with the active(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) plays an important role in sensing and transducing changes in cellular Ca2+ concentration in response to several biotic and abiotic stresses. Although CaM is implicated in plant-pathogen interactions, its molecular targets and their role in defense signaling pathway(s) are poorly understood. To elucidate the signaling pathways that link CaM(More)
Calmodulin (CaM), a key calcium sensor in all eukaryotes, regulates diverse cellular processes by interacting with other proteins. To isolate CaM binding proteins involved in ethylene signal transduction, we screened an expression library prepared from ethylene-treated Arabidopsis seedlings with 35S-labeled CaM. A cDNA clone, EICBP (Ethylene-Induced CaM(More)
BACKGROUND In plants, calcium (Ca2+) has emerged as an important messenger mediating the action of many hormonal and environmental signals, including biotic and abiotic stresses. Many different signals raise cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]cyt), which in turn is thought to regulate cellular and developmental processes via Ca2+-binding proteins. Three(More)
Kinesin-like calmodulin binding protein (KCBP) is a microtubule motor protein involved in the regulation of cell division and trichome morphogenesis. Genetic studies have shown that KCBP is likely to interact with several other proteins. To identify KCBP-interacting proteins, we used the C-terminal region of KCBP in a yeast two-hybrid screen. This screening(More)