Vajihe Asgari

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The present study was carried out to investigate how the interactions between aging, vitrification and post-warming interval affect the credibility of sheep MII-oocytes for in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic injection (ICSI), and parthenogenetic activation (PA). According to our results, aged oocytes had significantly higher rates of chromosome(More)
The effect of technical steps of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) on different aspects of cloned embryo development was investigated in sheep. In vitro-matured oocytes were enucleated in the presence or absence of zona and reconstituted by three different SCNT techniques: conventional zona-intact (ZI-NT), standard zona-free (ZF-NT) and intracytoplasmic(More)
To determine the most optimal stage for antioxidant supplementation of culture medium to improve developmental competence, cryotolerance and DNA-fragmentation of bovine embryos. Presumptive zygotes were first cultured in presence or absence of β-mercaptoethanol (β-ME), for 8 days. Subsequently, half of the expanded blastocysts developed in both groups were(More)
The potential applications of a simplified method of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) that is improved in both efficiency and throughput is considerable. Technically, a major step of SCNT is to produce large pools of enucleated oocytes (cytoplasts) efficiently, a process that requires considerable micromanipulation skill and expensive equipment. Here,(More)
Despite many advances in the field of oocyte cryopreservation, the adverse effects of cryopreservation on oocyte competence are still an open challenge in most mammalian species. Using ovine in vitro-matured oocytes, the differential effects of vitrification steps, embryo production methods, and parental origin of pronuclei were systemically investigated to(More)
Cloning mammals by somatic cell nuclear transfer entails the replacement of oocyte chromosomes with the nucleus of a somatic cell. A major step in this technique is to efficiently produce large batches of enucleated oocytes, a process that requires considerable micromanipulation skills and expensive equipments. Here, a simple, fast, and efficient method of(More)
Oocyte vitrification and assisted oocyte activation have increasingly important roles in assisted reproductive technology. Yet, an important area of concern with matured oocyte cryobiology is that elements of oocytes intimately involved in metaphase-II arrest may be modified by cryopreservation. By comparing different cellular characteristics of(More)
In vitro embryo production and embryo vitrification of genetically superior cows that culled inevitably due to health problems can accelerate genetic progress. This study was carried out to investigate whether maternal age and health status effects of high genetic merit cows affect cryosurvival and developmental competence of IVP embryos. In this sense, the(More)
In order to investigate whether the kinetics and stage of embryo development affect cryosurvival of in vitro produced bovine embryos, cleaved embryos were categorized in six groups based on their developmental kinetics regarding the stage of embryonic block in bovine (8-16 cell stage): I and II--early (day 2) and late (day 3) 5-8 cell, III and IV--early(More)
Oocyte polarity and embryonic patterning are well-established features of development in lower species. Whether a similar form of pre-patterning exists in mammals is currently under hot debate in mice. This study investigated this issue for the first time in ovine as a large mammal model. Microsurgical trisection of unfertilized MII-oocytes revealed that(More)