Vaidyanathan Ramachandran

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Sister of P-glycoprotein (SPGP) is the major hepatic bile salt export pump (BSEP). BSEP/SPGP expression varies dramatically among human livers. The potency and hierarchy of bile acids as ligands for the farnesyl/bile acid receptor (FXR/BAR) paralleled their ability to induce BSEP in human hepatocyte cultures. FXR:RXR heterodimers bound to IR1 elements and(More)
Milk thistle extract is one of the most commonly used nontraditional therapies, particularly in Germany. Milk thistle is known to contain a number of flavonolignans. We evaluated the effect of silymarin, on the activity of various hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes in human hepatocyte cultures. Treatment with silymarin (0.1 and 0.25 mM) significantly reduced(More)
The inhibitory effect of the aqueous extract of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) induced buccal pouch carcinogenesis was investigated in Syrian male hamsters. All hamsters painted on their buccal pouch with DMBA for 14 weeks developed squamous cell carcinoma. Administration of neem leaf extract effectively(More)
We have previously reported that paclitaxel (Taxol) is a potent inducer of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 3A protein and CYP3A mRNA in human hepatocyte cultures. Here we report that Taxol increased CYP3A-dependent testosterone 6beta-hydroxylation in intact hepatocytes. This effect was concentration-dependent, with maximal increase in enzyme activity being observed(More)
In primary human and porcine hepatocyte cultures, we investigated the relationship between metabolism and cytotoxicity of troglitazone. Treatment of human hepatocytes for 2 h with 10, 20, 25, 35, and 50 microM troglitazone in protein-free medium resulted in concentration-dependent decreases in total protein synthesis. Decreases at 10 and 20 microM were(More)
Troglitazone (TRO) is an insulin sensitizer used in the treatment of type II diabetes. TRO is known to increase the activity of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 3A in vivo. We have investigated the effect of TRO on CYP3A protein content and the activity of CYP3A (as measured by the formation of 6beta-hydroxytestosterone formation) in primary cultures of human(More)
We are indebted to a number of persons for their support, comments and criticism in completing this study K. ABSTRACT The present study is an attempt at a detailed diagnosis of the accumulated inefficiency in the Indian power sector, the consequent reform drives, and the political economy involved in these aspects. The discussion in the wider canvas of the(More)
ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to Dr. Jerry L. Trahan for giving me his valuable guidance and insight during the course of this research work. I also acknowledge and appreciate the help rendered by Drs. Vaidyanathan Ramachandran, and Subhash C. Kak during the course of my graduate study. Thanks are also due to Dr. Susan(More)