Vaibhav A. Diwadkar

Learn More
Imaging studies using region-of-interest morphometry and positron emission tomography have contributed to our understanding of structural and functional abnormalities in borderline personality disorder (BPD); however, both methods have practical limitations to their usefulness for exploratory studies of brain-behavior relationships. We used voxel-based(More)
Structural alterations of the brain in schizophrenia have been associated with genetic and environmental factors. Among the environmental factors, cannabis use has been associated with increased risk for patients with schizophrenia, but the effect of cannabis on their brain structure is unclear. We examined gray matter alterations in first episode(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurological abnormalities are frequently seen in patients with first-episode psychotic disorders but are generally considered to be diagnostically nonspecific, neurologically nonlocalizing, and, hence, "soft." This study examined the neuroanatomical correlates and diagnostic specificity of abnormal findings on the neurological examination in(More)
INTRODUCTION A broad range of psychopathology, including externalizing disorders is seen in offspring at genetic risk for schizophrenia. However, it is unclear whether such psychopathology may underlie a higher predisposition to the premorbid antecedents of schizophrenia. We examined the prevalence and correlates of psychopathology in an ongoing study of(More)
Six experiments investigated the limiting conditions on and the causes of asymmetries in estimates of euclidean distance. Participants estimated distances between locations on recently learned maps or between buildings on their college campus. Estimates between landmarks and neighboring nonlandmarks were often asymmetric, but estimates between other pairs(More)
BACKGROUND Structural alterations in the association cortices as well as in the corpus callosum (CC) have been described in schizophrenia, and have been considered to reflect developmental abnormalities. Areas of primary and association cortices have been topographically mapped in the CC. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether, in schizophrenia, there are(More)
Previous studies have provided evidence supporting a neuroplastic effect of atypical antipsychotics. The present investigation explores the short-term effects of risperidone on brain parenchyma by performing voxel-based morphometry on baseline and 6-week follow-up MRI scans obtained from 15 neuroleptic-naïve individuals with first-episode psychosis treated(More)
Frontolimbic neural circuit dysfunction has been thought to underlie schizophrenia. Prolonged duration of untreated illness (DUI) is associated with frontolimbic structural changes. We present data addressing this question in minimally treated first-episode patients with psychoses. To determine the relationship between DUI and gray matter changes in(More)
The corpus callosum (CC) is the major commissure connecting the cerebral hemispheres and there is evidence of its continuing development into young adulthood [Ann. Neurol. 34 (1993) 71]. Yet, little is known about changes in the size and tissue characteristics of its sub-regions. The sub-regions of the CC (genu, body, isthmus and splenium) are(More)
BACKGROUND Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a clinically heterogenous disorder characterized by temporally stable symptom dimensions. Past inconsistent results from structural neuroimaging studies of OCD may have resulted from the effects of these specific symptom dimensions as well as other socio-demographic and clinical variables upon gray matter(More)