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Magnetic coil (MC) stimulation percutaneously of human occipital cortex was tested on perception of 3 briefly presented, randomly generated alphabetical characters. When the visual stimulus-MC pulse interval was less than 40-60 msec, or more than 120-140 msec, letters were correctly reported; at test intervals of 80-100 msec, a blur or nothing was seen.(More)
Pairs of threshold magnetic stimuli were applied over the motor cortex at interstimulus intervals of 1-6 ms, and EMG responses recorded from the relaxed or active first dorsal interosseous muscle of 7 normal subjects. In relaxed subjects, when the interval between the stimuli was around 1.0-1.5 ms, 2.5-3.0 ms or 4.5 ms or later, the size of the response to(More)
This contribution includes a selective review of previously published material, findings from some new experiments, and discussion of some relationships between animal and recent human data. The major questions are: What descends from the cerebral cortex after a brief surface stimulus? What explains the various components of the corticofugal discharge? What(More)
The effects of different orientations of a Cadwell round magnetic coil (MC) were compared with each other and with surface electrical stimulation of motor cortex in monkeys anesthetized with pentobarbital or urethane. Recordings were made from within the lateral corticospinal tract, either from axonal populations or with a microelectrode from individual(More)
Human transcallosal responses (TCRs) were elicited by focal magnetic coil (MC) stimulation of homologous sites in contralateral frontal cortex and compared with those to focal anodic stimulation. With MC stimulation, the TCR consisted of an initially positive wave with an onset latency of 8.8-12.2 msec, a duration of 7-15 msec, and an amplitude which(More)
Human perception of 3 briefly flashed letters in a horizontal array that subtends a visual angle of 3 degrees or less is reduced by a magnetic coil (MC) pulse given, e.g., 90 msec later. Either a round or a double square MC is effective when the lower windings or central junction region, respectively, are tangential to the skull overlying calcarine cortex(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to determine whether differentiation between demyelinating and axonal neuropathies could be enhanced by comparing conduction time changes in defined segments of the total peripheral nerve pathway. METHODS Compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs) were elicited by cathodal stimulation of the tibial nerve at the(More)
Using principles derived from electric field measurements and studies of phrenic nerve in vitro, neuromagnetic stimuli in humans were predicted to excite selective low threshold sites in proximal and distal cauda equina. Physical models, in which induced electric fields were recorded in a segment of human lumbosacral spine immersed in a saline filled tank,(More)
Direct and indirect corticospinal responses to electrical stimulation of motor cortex were identified in urethane-anesthetized rats. 'Killed-end' recordings were taken from the corticospinal tract at the level of the cervical cord (C1-C2) and from the medullary pyramid. The identities of direct (D) and indirect (I) corticospinal responses were confirmed by:(More)
The amplitudes of motor evoked potentials to transcranial magnetic stimulation from muscles immediately proximal to a temporarily anaesthetized (Bier's block) human forearm increase in minutes after the onset of anaesthesia and return to control values after the anaesthesia subsides. In order to determine the level at which the early modulation of human(More)