Vadim V. Demidov

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We report here on the hybridization of peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-based molecular beacons (MB) directly to duplex DNA sites locally exposed by PNA openers. Two stemless PNA beacons were tested, both featuring the same recognition sequence and fluorophore-quencher pair (Fluorescein and DABCYL, respectively) but differing in arrangement of these groups and(More)
We propose a new method for segregation of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) from endogenous yeast chromosomes with similar lengths. The method is based on recently developed PNA-assisted rare cleavage (PARC) of genomic DNA. We apply the PARC procedure to YAC-containing samples of yeast DNA in such a way that host chromosomes, which electrophoretically(More)
RNA molecules with novel functions have revived interest in the accurate prediction of RNA three-dimensional (3D) structure and folding dynamics. However, existing methods are inefficient in automated 3D structure prediction. Here, we report a robust computational approach for rapid folding of RNA molecules. We develop a simplified RNA model for discrete(More)
Fluorescent proteins have proven to be excellent reporters and biochemical sensors with a wide range of applications. In a split form, they are not fluorescent, but their fluorescence can be restored by supplementary protein-protein or protein-nucleic acid interactions that reassemble the split polypeptides. However, in prior studies, it took hours to(More)
Strand displacement binding kinetics of cationic pseudoisocytosine-containing linked homopyrimidine peptide nucleic acids (bis-PNAs) to fully matched and singly mismatched decapurine targets in double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) are reported. PNA-dsDNA complex formation was monitored by gel mobility shift assay and pseudo-first order kinetics of binding was obeyed(More)
Many genetic and infectious diseases can be targeted at the RNA level as RNA is more accessible than DNA. We seek to develop new approaches for detection and tracking RNA in live cells, which is necessary for RNA-based diagnostics and therapy. We recently described a method for RNA visualization in live bacterial cells based on fluorescent protein(More)
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a synthetic DNA mimic with valuable properties and a rapidly growing scope of applications. With the exception of recently introduced pseudocomplementary PNAs, binding of common PNA oligomers to target sites located inside linear double-stranded DNAs (dsDNAs) is essentially restricted to homopurine-homopyrimidine sequence(More)
Although significant efforts have been directed at developing efficient techniques for rare and super rare genome cutting, only limited success has been achieved. Here we propose a new approach to solve this problem. We demonstrate that peptide nucleic acid 'clamps' (bis-PNAs) bind strongly and sequence specifically to short homopyrimidine sites on lambda(More)
Here, we present a protocol for isolating the large N-terminal fragment of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with a preformed chromophore. By itself, the chromophore-containing EGFP fragment exhibits very weak fluorescence, but it rapidly becomes brightly fluorescent upon complementation with the corresponding small, C-terminal EGFP fragment. Each(More)