Vadim V. Demidov

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A stable complex between duplex DNA and an oligonucleotide is assembled with the aid of a DNA synthetic mimic, peptide nucleic acid (PNA). Homopyrimidine PNAs are known to invade into short homopurine tracts in duplex DNA forming P-loops. We have found that P-loops, formed at two closely located purine tracts in the same DNA strand separated by a mixed(More)
We report here on the hybridization of peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-based molecular beacons (MB) directly to duplex DNA sites locally exposed by PNA openers. Two stemless PNA beacons were tested, both featuring the same recognition sequence and fluorophore-quencher pair (Fluorescein and DABCYL, respectively) but differing in arrangement of these groups and(More)
A new generation of PNAs, so-called pseudocomplementary PNAs (pcPNAs), which are able to target the designated sites on duplex DNA with mixed sequence of purines and pyrimidines via double-duplex invasion mode, has recently been introduced. It has been demonstrated that appropriate pairs of decameric pcPNAs block an access of RNA polymerase to the(More)
RNA molecules with novel functions have revived interest in the accurate prediction of RNA three-dimensional (3D) structure and folding dynamics. However, existing methods are inefficient in automated 3D structure prediction. Here, we report a robust computational approach for rapid folding of RNA molecules. We develop a simplified RNA model for discrete(More)
The stability of a new type of DNA mimic, peptide nucleic acid (PNA) in human blood serum, Eschericia coli and Micrococcus luteus extracts and nuclear and cytoplasmic extracts from mouse Ehrlich ascites tumor cells was investigated using HPLC analysis. Under conditions that caused complete cleavage of a control peptide, adrenocorticotropic hormone fragment(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of recognition of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) by homopyrimidine polyamide ("peptide") nucleic acid (PNA) leading to the strand-displacement, the kinetics of the sequence-specific PNA/DNA binding have been studied. The binding was monitored with time by the gel retardation and nuclease S1 cleavage assays. The experimental kinetic(More)
If adenines and thymines in two mutually complementary mixed-base peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligomers are substituted with diaminopurines and thiouracils, respectively, so-called pseudocomplementary PNAs (pcPNAs) are created. Pairs of pcPNAs have recently demonstrated an ability to highly selectively target essentially any designated site on(More)
Because of a set of exceptional chemical, physical, and biological properties, polyamide or peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) hold a distinctive position among various synthetic ligands designed for DNA-targeting purposes. Cationic pyrimidine PNAs (cpyPNAs) represent a special group of PNAs, which effectively form strand invasion triplexes with double-stranded(More)
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a synthetic DNA mimic with valuable properties and a rapidly growing scope of applications. With the exception of recently introduced pseudocomplementary PNAs, binding of common PNA oligomers to target sites located inside linear double-stranded DNAs (dsDNAs) is essentially restricted to homopurine-homopyrimidine sequence(More)
A concise survey of the emerging PD-loop technology is presented, which outlines several exemplary methods with robust DNA diagnostic potential: duplex DNA capture, topological DNA labeling, nondenaturing DNA sequencing and hybridization of molecular beacons to double-stranded DNA. Advantages of these new PNA-based assays over existing techniques for(More)