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A stable complex between duplex DNA and an oligonucleotide is assembled with the aid of a DNA synthetic mimic, peptide nucleic acid (PNA). Homopyrimidine PNAs are known to invade into short homopurine tracts in duplex DNA forming P-loops. We have found that P-loops, formed at two closely located purine tracts in the same DNA strand separated by a mixed(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of recognition of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) by homopyrimidine polyamide ("peptide") nucleic acid (PNA) leading to the strand-displacement, the kinetics of the sequence-specific PNA/DNA binding have been studied. The binding was monitored with time by the gel retardation and nuclease S1 cleavage assays. The experimental kinetic(More)
We report here on the hybridization of peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-based molecular beacons (MB) directly to duplex DNA sites locally exposed by PNA openers. Two stemless PNA beacons were tested, both featuring the same recognition sequence and fluorophore-quencher pair (Fluorescein and DABCYL, respectively) but differing in arrangement of these groups and(More)
Strand displacement binding kinetics of cationic pseudoisocytosine-containing linked homopyrimidine peptide nucleic acids (bis-PNAs) to fully matched and singly mismatched decapurine targets in double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) are reported. PNA-dsDNA complex formation was monitored by gel mobility shift assay and pseudo-first order kinetics of binding was obeyed(More)
A new generation of PNAs, so-called pseudocomplementary PNAs (pcPNAs), which are able to target the designated sites on duplex DNA with mixed sequence of purines and pyrimidines via double-duplex invasion mode, has recently been introduced. It has been demonstrated that appropriate pairs of decameric pcPNAs block an access of RNA polymerase to the(More)
The stability of a new type of DNA mimic, peptide nucleic acid (PNA) in human blood serum, Eschericia coli and Micrococcus luteus extracts and nuclear and cytoplasmic extracts from mouse Ehrlich ascites tumor cells was investigated using HPLC analysis. Under conditions that caused complete cleavage of a control peptide, adrenocorticotropic hormone fragment(More)
A novel method for sequence specific double strand DNA cleavage using PNA (peptide nucleic acid) targeting is described. Nuclease S1 digestion of double stranded DNA gives rise to double strand cleavage at an occupied PNA strand displacement binding site, and under optimized conditions complete cleavage can be obtained. The efficiency of this cleavage is(More)
RNA molecules with novel functions have revived interest in the accurate prediction of RNA three-dimensional (3D) structure and folding dynamics. However, existing methods are inefficient in automated 3D structure prediction. Here, we report a robust computational approach for rapid folding of RNA molecules. We develop a simplified RNA model for discrete(More)
If adenines and thymines in two mutually complementary mixed-base peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligomers are substituted with diaminopurines and thiouracils, respectively, so-called pseudocomplementary PNAs (pcPNAs) are created. Pairs of pcPNAs have recently demonstrated an ability to highly selectively target essentially any designated site on(More)
Because of a set of exceptional chemical, physical, and biological properties, polyamide or peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) hold a distinctive position among various synthetic ligands designed for DNA-targeting purposes. Cationic pyrimidine PNAs (cpyPNAs) represent a special group of PNAs, which effectively form strand invasion triplexes with double-stranded(More)