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Apolipoprotein B (apoB), an apolipoprotein associated with very low density lipoproteins and the atherogenic low density lipoproteins (LDL), directs the metabolism of lipoprotein particles in plasma by interacting with the LDL receptor. Utilizing human intestinal biopsy organ cultures, we have studied the synthesis of intestinal apoB in man. Intestinal(More)
The subendothelial intima of human aorta is populated by cells of various shapes. Round and ovoid cells which are lymphocyte- and monocyte-like hematogenous cells account for less than 5% of the cell population. The bulk of the intimal population (over 95%) is made up of cells that can be described as elongated, stellate, elongated with side processes, and(More)
About 90,000 citizens of Ukraine, who were residents of the near zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant were evacuated during the first weeks after the accident due to the heavy contamination of the environment. Doses of this cohort were unknown. Retrospective reconstruction of external gamma exposure doses, based on the results of direct dose rate(More)
A new model to study cholesterol absorption in the rat intestinal cells is described. Rat intestine epithelial cells IRD98 were incubated with mixed micelles containing bile acid, phospholipid, cholesterol or its nonabsorbable analogue, sitosterol, and trace amounts of [3H]cholesterol or [14C]sitosterol. Cholesterol and sitosterol uptake was then determined(More)
During a 5 day cultivation of human hepatocytes in a primary culture the secretion of apolipoprotein B was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Density-gradient ultracentrifugation demonstrated that the majority of the secreted apolipoprotein B was associated with the very-low-density lipoprotein fraction. Exposure of the cells to cholesterol(More)
Endothelial cells (EC) were harvested by 0.1% collagenase treatment for adult human thoracic aortas obtained 1-3 h after sudden death. At least 35-70% of EC were removed from the intimal surface of aorta, 90-95% of them being viable. Plating efficiency was 70-80%. Monolayer formation was achieved at a seeding density of 5-8 X 10(2) cells/mm2. The cells were(More)
Scanning electron microscope studies of the aorta and other major arteries have been performed in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits. After 5 weeks, a variety of structural abnormalities of the endothelial lining were detected including a significant increase in the number of argyrophilic cells and an increased number of craters or openings in the endothelial(More)
Cholesterol uptake was studied at the small intestine biopsies taken from patients without intestinal malfunction. Three distinct groups of patients were described: those with low (146 +/- 19) nmol/mm2 per 2 h), medium (455 +/- 18 nmol/mm2 per 2 h) and high (833 +/- 24 nmol/mm2 per 2 h) rates of cholesterol uptake. Positive correlation between cholesterol(More)
Mouse macrophages (line J 774) were incubated with monospecific goat anti-low density lipoprotein antibodies, which were conjugated to horseradish peroxidase (AB-HRP). Addition of low density lipoprotein (LDL) modified by treatment with malondialdehyde to cultures of these cells resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the amount of cell-associated enzyme(More)