Vadim P Yuferov

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The investigation of rodent cocaine self-administration (SA) under conditions that promote escalating patterns of intake may provide insight into the loss of control over drug use that is central to human addiction. This study examines the effects of daily long-access (LgA) SA of high or low cocaine doses on drug intake, extinction, reinstatement, and brain(More)
Dynorphin peptides and the κ-opioid receptor are important in the rewarding properties of cocaine, heroin, and alcohol. We tested polymorphisms of the prodynorphin gene (PDYN) for association with cocaine dependence and cocaine/alcohol codependence. We genotyped six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), located in the promoter region, exon 4 coding, and(More)
Alterations in the expression of multiple genes in many brain regions are likely to contribute to psychostimulant-induced behaviours. Microarray technology provides a powerful tool for the simultaneous interrogation of gene expression levels of a large number of genes. Several recent experimental studies, reviewed here, demonstrate the power, limitations(More)
One approach for studying cocaine addiction has been to permit escalating patterns of self-administration (SA) by rats by prolonging daily drug availability. Rats provided long access (LgA) to high cocaine doses, but not rats provided shorter cocaine access (ShA), progressively escalate their cocaine intake and display characteristics of human addiction.(More)
Rat genome U34A (Affymetrix) oligonucleotide microarrays were used to analyze changes in gene expression in the caudate putamen (CPu) of Fischer rats induced by 1 and 3 days of "binge" cocaine (or saline) administration. A triplicate array assay of pooled RNA of each treatment group was used to evaluate the technical variability and sensitivity of(More)
Addictions to cocaine or heroin/prescription opioids [short-acting μ-opioid receptor (MOPr) agonists] involve relapsing cycles, with experimentation/escalating use, withdrawal/abstinence, and relapse/re-escalation. κ-Opioid receptors (KOPr; encoded by OPRK1), and their endogenous agonists, the dynorphins (encoded by PDYN), have counter-modulatory effects on(More)
A genome-wide association study was conducted using microarray technology to identify genes that may be associated with the vulnerability to develop heroin addiction, using DNA from 104 individual former severe heroin addicts (meeting Federal criteria for methadone maintenance) and 101 individual control subjects, all Caucasian. Using separate analyses for(More)
Addictions to drugs of abuse and alcohol have been shown by studies of genetic epidemiology to have both a heritable and an environmental basis, with these factors influencing addiction to different substances to a different extent. In the search for specific alleles of specific genes that may contribute to the development of the addictions, many(More)
Mu opioid receptors (MOP-r) play an important role in the rewarding and locomotor stimulatory effects of heroin. The aim of the current study was to determine whether infusion of small interfering RNAs (siRNA) targeting MOP-r into the midbrain could knock down MOP-r mRNA and affect heroin-induced locomotor activity or heroin-induced conditioned place(More)
The kappa opioid receptor (KOR) plays a role in stress responsivity, opiate withdrawal and responses to cocaine. KOR activation by its endogenous ligand dynorphin A(1-17) decreases basal and drug-induced striatal levels of dopamine. The complete structure of the human KOR gene (hOPRK1) has not been previously determined. This study: (i) characterized the(More)