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We and others have previously shown that the dopamine D4 exon III repeat (D4DR) and the serotonin-transporter promoter region (5-HTTLPR) polymorphisms are not only associated with adult personality traits1-7 but also with temperament in 2-week-old neonates.8 We now report the results of a second study of these infants and their temperament at 2 months using(More)
Genetic effects on behavior were evaluated at a time in early development when we hypothesized that environmental influences are minimal and least likely to confound associations between temperament and genes. The behavioral effects of two common polymorphisms linked respectively in some, but not all, studies to novelty seeking (dopamine D4 receptor-D4DR)(More)
The dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) exon III polymorphism has generated interest because of its association with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with an increased frequency of the seven-repeat allele being reported in children with ADHD. Deficits in sustained attention and information processing characterize ADHD, and individual differences in(More)
1. The authors used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of pre-frontal cortex to study mood changes in 10 depressed patients and 10 schizophrenic patients. 2. A slow rate of stimuli was used, one per 30 seconds; maximal intensity of about 2 Tesla was given for 30 stimuli, 15 on each side of the brain. 3. No side effects were seen and at least three(More)
A.L., a 42-yr-old man has been in treatment at our out- patient clinic since 1992 suffering from psychotic manifestations following a second severe closed-head injury. The patient had his first contact with a psychiatrist 3 yr after his first severe head injury in 1962 (when 10 yr old). During his first hospitalization (in 1994) he presented with signs of(More)
INTRODUCTION Preliminary data suggests that caloric vestibular nerve stimulation (CVS) single session application of cold water to the left ear induces a clinically significant, short-lived beneficial effect on specific types of illness denial (i.e., anosognosia) and delusions (i.e., somatic type). METHODS We recently studied the effect of left versus(More)
Increased homocysteine plasma levels were reported in patients with schizophrenia and Levine et al. (2002) suggested that such increase characterizes mainly males. In the following study we examined whether such increased levels also characterize male siblings of schizophrenia patients. Forty-four pairs of schizophrenia patients and their corresponding(More)
OBJECTIVES Clotiapine is a classic neuroleptic with a chemical structure similar to clozapine. It was said that patients unresponsive to other neuroleptics respond to clotiapine although it causes extrapyramidal syndromes (EPS) like other typical neuroleptics. We conducted a study of clotiapine vs. chlorpromazine in severe chronic active psychotic(More)