Vadim E. Fraifeld

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The Human Ageing Genomic Resources (HAGR, is a freely available online collection of research databases and tools for the biology and genetics of ageing. HAGR features now several databases with high-quality manually curated data: (i) GenAge, a database of genes associated with ageing in humans and model organisms; (ii)(More)
The Gadd45 proteins have been intensively studied, in view of their important role in key cellular processes. Indeed, the Gadd45 proteins stand at the crossroad of the cell fates by controlling the balance between cell (DNA) repair, eliminating (apoptosis) or preventing the expansion of potentially dangerous cells (cell cycle arrest, cellular senescence),(More)
Aging is a complex, challenging phenomenon that requires multiple, interdisciplinary approaches to unravel its puzzles. To assist basic research on aging, we developed the Human Ageing Genomic Resources (HAGR). This work provides an overview of the databases and tools in HAGR and describes how the gerontology research community can employ them. Several(More)
Since the first publication on Somatic Mutation Theory of Aging (Szilárd, 1959), a great volume of knowledge in the field has been accumulated. Here we attempted to organize the evidence "for" and "against" the hypothesized causal role of DNA damage and mutation accumulation in aging in light of four Koch-like criteria. They are based on the assumption that(More)
The vast majority of studies on longevity have focused on individual genes/proteins, without adequately addressing the possible role of interactions between them. This study is the first attempt towards constructing a "longevity network" via analysis of human protein-protein interactions (PPIs). For this purpose, we (i) compiled a complete list of(More)
Aging should be considered a major risk factor for life-threatening degenerative pathologies including atherosclerosis, cancer, neurodegeneration, diabetes type II, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia. Although an apparent paradox, it appears that the most effective way to delay or even to avert age-related diseases is to live longer. Common changes in the(More)
An association between aging/longevity and cancer has long been suggested, yet the evolutionary and molecular links between these complicated traits remain elusive. Here, we analyze the relationship between longevity- and cancer-associated genes/proteins (LAGs/LAPs and CAGs/CAPs, respectively). Specifically, we address the following questions: (1) to what(More)
In chickens, the effect of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on body temperature and ex vivo hypothalamic prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production was examined to test the possible involvement of PGE2 in mechanisms of avian fever. PGE2 is reported to be the major central mediator of fever in mammals; it has not been examined in birds. An intraperitoneal(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are detoxification enzymes that can counter ageing-associated oxidative and chemical stresses. The transcript of a distinct subclass of human GSTs (hGSTM3) was shown by RNA blot analysis to be widely distributed in different regions of adult brain. HPLC profiles indicated that the hGSTM3 subunit was the second most abundant(More)
Dedifferentiation signifies the capacity of somatic cells to acquire stem cell-like properties. This process can be induced during normal development and as a response to various stimuli, such as pathogen infection and wounding. Dedifferentiation also characterizes the transition of differentiated leaf cells into protoplasts (plant cells devoid of cell(More)