Vadim Divilov

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UNLABELLED (89)Zr (half-life, 78.41 h) is a positron-emitting radionuclide that displays excellent potential for use in the design and synthesis of radioimmunoconjugates for immunoPET. In the current study, we report the preparation of (89)Zr-desferrioxamine B (DFO)-J591, a novel (89)Zr-labeled monoclonal antibody (mAb) construct for targeted immunoPET and(More)
BACKGROUND The positron-emitting radionuclide (89)Zr (t(1/2) = 3.17 days) was used to prepare (89)Zr-radiolabeled trastuzumab for use as a radiotracer for characterizing HER2/neu-positive breast tumors. In addition, pharmacodynamic studies on HER2/neu expression levels in response to therapeutic doses of PU-H71 (a specific inhibitor of heat-shock protein 90(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated the ability of the PET imaging agent (89)Zr-trastuzumab to delineate HER2-positive gastric cancer and to monitor the pharmacodynamic effects of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) tyrosine kinase inhibitor afatinib. METHODS Using (89)Zr-trastuzumab, (18)F-FDG, or(More)
Generally, solid tumors (>400 mm(3)) are inherently acidic, with more aggressive growth producing greater acidity. If the acidity could be targeted as a biomarker, it would provide a means to gauge the pace of tumor growth and degree of invasiveness, as well as providing a basis for predicting responses to pH-dependent chemotherapies. We have developed a(More)
The topoisomerase-IIα inhibition and antiproliferative activity of α-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones and their corresponding copper(II) complexes have been investigated. The Cu(II)(thiosemicarbazonato)Cl complexes were shown to catalytically inhibit topoisomerase-IIα at concentrations (0.3-7.2 μM) over an order of magnitude lower than their corresponding(More)
UNLABELLED Targeted nanoparticle-based technologies show increasing prevalence in radiotracer design. As a consequence, quantitative contribution of nonspecific accumulation in the target tissue, mainly governed by the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, becomes highly relevant for evaluating the specificity of these new agents. This study(More)
A modular system for the construction of radiometalated antibodies was developed based on the bioorthogonal cycloaddition reaction between 3-(4-benzylamino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine and the strained dienophile norbornene. The well-characterized, HER2-specific antibody trastuzumab and the positron emitting radioisotopes (64)Cu and (89)Zr were employed as a model(More)
Type II topoisomerase (Topo-II) is an ATP-dependent enzyme that is essential in the transcription, replication, and chromosome segregation processes and, as such, represents an attractive target for cancer therapy. Numerous studies indicate that the response to treatment with Topo-II inhibitors is highly dependent on both the levels and the activity of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Given the significant utility of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) in chemotherapeutic protocols, a PET tracer that mimics the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition of SAHA could be a valuable tool in the diagnosis, treatment planning and treatment monitoring of cancer. Here, we describe the synthesis, characterization and evaluation of(More)
INTRODUCTION The antilipolytic drug Acipimox reduces free fatty acid (FFA) levels in the blood stream. We examined the effect of reduced FFAs on glucose metabolism in androgen-dependent (CWR22Rv1) and androgen-independent (PC3) prostate cancer (PCa) xenografts. METHODS Subcutaneous tumors were produced in nude mice by injection of PC3 and CWR22Rv1 PCa(More)