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New drugs are required to counter the tuberculosis (TB) pandemic. Here, we describe the synthesis and characterization of 1,3-benzothiazin-4-ones (BTZs), a new class of antimycobacterial agents that kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro, ex vivo, and in mouse models of TB. Using genetics and biochemistry, we identified the enzyme(More)
Benzothiazinones (BTZs) form a new class of potent antimycobacterial agents. Although the target of BTZs has been identified as decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose 2'-epimerase (DprE1), their detailed mechanism of action remains obscure. Here we demonstrate that BTZs are activated in the bacterium by reduction of an essential nitro group to a nitroso(More)
Fucoidans isolated from Fucus evanescens and Laminaria cichorioides kelp can inhibit thrombin and factor Xa of the blood coagulation system. In rats, intravenous injection of fucoidans dose-dependently increased anticoagulant activity of the plasma. Fucoidans can form complexes with protamine sulfate. The observed quantitative differences in the action of(More)
Infection with various human papillomaviruses (HPVs) induces cervical cancers. Cell surface heparan sulfates (HS) have been shown to serve as primary attachment receptors, and molecules with structural similarity to cell surface HS, like heparin, function as competitive inhibitors of HPV infection. Here we demonstrate that the N,N'-bisheteryl derivative of(More)
BACKGROUND Resuscitation promoting factors (RPF) are secreted proteins involved in reactivation of dormant actinobacteria, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. They have been considered as prospective targets for the development of new anti-tuberculosis drugs preventing reactivation of dormant tubercle bacilli, generally associated with latent(More)
N,N'-bisheteryl derivatives of dispirotripiperazine (DSTP) are a novel class of antiviral compounds with some of their representatives very effectively inhibiting the replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in cell culture. Using one representative of these compounds, the(More)
OBJECTIVES At present, most promising compounds to treat enterovirus-induced diseases are broad-spectrum capsid function inhibitors which bind into a hydrophobic pocket in viral capsid protein 1 (VP1). Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) Nancy was the only prototypic enterovirus strain shown to be pleconaril-resistant. This study was designed to better understand the(More)
During the search for new antivirals, various N,N'-bis-5-pyrimidyl derivatives of 3,12-diaza-6,9-diazonia(5,2,5,2)dispirohexadecane dichloride (dispirotripiperazine) were synthesized. To reveal relationships between chemical structure and antiviral activity, the compounds were characterized by fast atom bombardment mass, nuclear magnetic resonance, infra(More)
This review explores the application of the Simplex representation of molecular structure (SiRMS) QSAR approach in antiviral research. We provide an introduction to and description of SiRMS, its application in antiviral research and future directions of development of the Simplex approach and the whole QSAR field. In the Simplex approach every molecule is(More)
Tuberculosis is still a leading cause of death in developing countries, for which there is an urgent need for new pharmacological agents. The synthesis of the novel antimycobacterial drug class of benzothiazinones (BTZs) and the identification of their cellular target as DprE1 (Rv3790), a component of the decaprenylphosphoryl-β-d-ribose 2'-epimerase(More)