Vadim A. Klenchin

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Recoverin is a 23-kDa Ca(2+)-binding protein found predominantly in vertebrate photoreceptor cells. Recent electrophysiological and biochemical studies suggest that recoverin may regulate the photoresponse by inhibiting rhodopsin phosphorylation. We find in both cell homogenates and reconstituted systems that the inhibition of rhodopsin phosphorylation by(More)
CAPS-1 is required for Ca2+-triggered fusion of dense-core vesicles with the plasma membrane, but its site of action and mechanism are unknown. We analyzed the kinetics of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis reconstituted in permeable PC12 cells. CAPS-1 increased the initial rate of Ca2+-triggered vesicle exocytosis by acting at a rate-limiting, Ca2+-dependent(More)
We have resolved a central and long-standing paradox in understanding the amplification of rod phototransduction by making direct measurements of the gains of the underlying enzymatic amplifiers. We find that under optimized conditions a single photoisomerized rhodopsin activates transducin molecules and phosphodiesterase (PDE) catalytic subunits at rates(More)
Ca2+-dependent activator protein for secretion (CAPS) is a cytosolic protein essential for the Ca2+-dependent fusion of dense-core vesicles (DCVs) with the plasma membrane and the regulated secretion of a subset of neurotransmitters. The mechanism by which CAPS functions in exocytosis and the means by which it associates with target membranes are unknown.(More)
It has been shown recently that electrically induced DNA transfer into cells is a fast vectorial process with the same direction as DNA electrophoresis in an external electric field (Klenchin, V. A., S. I. Sukharev, S. M. Serov, L. V. Chernomordik, and Y. A. Chizmadzhev. 1991. Biophys. J. 60:804-811). Here we describe the effect of DNA interaction with(More)
Membrane contact established by tethering or docking mechanisms is not a sufficient condition for membrane fusion. In neural and neuroendocrine cells, only a small fraction of secretory vesicles docked at the plasma membrane are fusion-competent and undergo rapid ATP-independent fusion in response to Ca(2+) elevations. Additional biochemical events termed(More)
Cremona and De Camilli, 2001). Through these mechanisms, they control many intracellular processes including membrane traffic (De Camilli et al., 1996; Martin, Markus R. Wenk,1 Lorenzo Pellegrini,1 Vadim A. Klenchin,2 Gilbert Di Paolo,1 Sunghoe Chang,1 Laurie Daniell,1 1998). A basis for the regulatory function of these lipids Manabu Arioka,2,4 Thomas F.(More)
Yeast phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (Sec14p) is essential for Golgi secretory function. It is widely accepted, though unproven, that phosphatidylinositol transfer between membranes represents the physiological activity of phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins (PITPs). We report that Sec14pK66,239A is inactivated for phosphatidylinositol, but not(More)
Natural small-molecule inhibitors of actin cytoskeleton dynamics have long been recognized as valuable molecular probes for dissecting complex mechanisms of cellular function. More recently, their potential use as chemotherapeutic drugs has become a focus of scientific investigation. The primary focus of this review is the molecular mechanism by which(More)
Simian Cos-1 cells were transfected electrically with the plasmid pCH110 carrying the beta-galactosidase gene. The efficiency of transfection was determined by a transient expression of this gene. When the plasmid was introduced into a cell suspension 2 s after pulse application, the transfection efficiency was shown to be less than 1% as compared with a(More)