Vaclav Vybihal

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The possible role of immune-modulatory nonclassical molecules HLA-G and HLA-E in an anti-tumoral response and development of glioblastoma is not well characterized. In this study, we evaluated an expression of HLA-G and HLA-E by activated tumor infiltrating microglia/macrophages. We found production of HLA-G and HLA-E by tumor infiltrating activated(More)
The role of nonclassical human leukocyte antigens G and E (HLA-G and HLA-E) was originally thought to be restricted to the protection of the fetus from a maternal allorecognition. Now it is known that HLA-G and HLA-E exert multiple immunoregulatory functions. A prognostic significance of the expression of HLA-G and HLA-E by neoplastic cells in glioblastoma(More)
Glioblastoma is the most common and the most aggressive type of brain cancer. Aberrations of the RTK/RAS/PI3K-, p53-, and RB cell signaling pathways were recognized as a core requirement for pathogenesis of glioblastoma. The p53 tumor suppressor functions as a transcription factor transactivating expression of its target genes in response to various stress(More)
The article deals with the orbitozygomatic approach used in the treatment of pathological processes located in the anterior, medial and superior third of the posterior cranial fossa with special attention paid to suprasellar lesions. It presents a step-by-step guide to the surgical procedure, including potential complications. Furthermore, various(More)
INTRODUCTION Implantation of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a standard procedure in the treatment of hydrocephalus. Shunt malfunction can be due to various causes, such as failure of the peritoneal (distal) part of the shunt with a frequency of 5% to 47%. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic and laparotomic techniques for(More)
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a disorder that results from an increase of intracranial pressure with unknown cause. A single measurement of intracranial pressure only provides data at one given point in time. Therefore, telemetric monitoring of intracranial pressure was performed in a patient with fluctuating headache and significantly impaired(More)
The lesions arising in the popliteal fossa are varied. We report two different lesions related to the peroneal nerve that presented with neurologic symptoms. Both were initially treated at surgical department with insufficient diagnostics and finally required a neurosurgical operation. We emphasize performing complete diagnostics that may avoid unnecessary(More)
UNLABELLED Hydrocephalus is a disorder of abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the intracranial space, usually in the cerebral ventricles. The number of patients reaching reproductive age and intending to become pregnant has increased in recent years because of treatment advances. An implanted shunt is usually introduced into the abdominal cavity(More)
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