Vaclav Ruzicka

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A possible interaction of immunomodulator muramyl dipeptide (MDP) with 5-HT(7) (5-hydroxytryptamine) receptors was investigated. The activation of 5-HT(7) receptors relaxes the guinea-pig distal ileum. The whole ileum segments were, therefore, cut and placed into the bath. The preparations were precontracted by substance P and potently relaxed by adding(More)
The interaction of LDL and LDL subfractions from a patient homozygous for familial defective apoB-100 (FDB) has been studied. His LDL cholesterol ranged from 2.65 to 3.34 g/liter. In cultured fibroblasts, binding, internalization, and degradation of the patient's LDL was diminished, but not completely abolished. The patient's apolipoprotein E concentration(More)
Cytosolic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA (HMG-CoA) synthase (E.C. 4.1.3.5) is a highly regulated enzyme involved in isoprenoid biosynthesis and therefore a potential target for cholesterol-lowering drugs. Up to now, primary structure data have only been available for chicken, rat and hamster HMG-CoA synthase. Using in vitro amplification and direct(More)
The relaxations mediated by the activation of 5-HT receptors in the guinea pig proximal colon were investigated. Longitudinal strips were cut from the colon segment and placed into the bath. In the presence of atropine (0.2 microM), the relaxations were evoked by adding increasing concentrations of 5-HT (1-100 microM). Noncumulative concentration-response(More)
Apolipoproteins B and E were determined in 40 patients with type III hyperlipoproteinaemia (familial dysbetalipoproteinaemia) and in 48 patients with other types of hyperlipoproteinaemia matched for cholesterol and triacylglycerols. In type III patients, apolipoprotein E was increased and apolipoprotein B was lower than in other types of(More)
Apolipoprotein B-100 is the principal protein component of lipoproteins with very low, intermediate, and low density. The interaction of apoB-100 with low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors is responsible for the uptake of LDL into cells. An AT-rich hypervariable region is located adjacent to the 3' end of the apoB gene. It consists of a variable number of(More)
A two-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for the rapid detection of the apolipoprotein B(Arg3500----Gln) mutation in a mixture of pooled blood samples is described. In the first step PCR, a short gene fragment surrounding codon 3500 is amplified. Subsequently the reaction product is subjected to a second amplification in which a mutation-specific(More)
A new apolipoprotein (apo) E variant, apoE5-Frankfurt, was identified in a 43-year-old male with moderate hypercholesterolemia. On isoelectric focusing in an immobilized pH gradient, apoE5-Frankfurt migrated to a position more cathodic than apoE4 (Cys112->Arg). On sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis, its apparent molecular weight could not be(More)