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BACKGROUND Gangrenous cholecystitis (GC) is considered a more severe form of acute cholecystitis. The risk factors associated with this condition and its impact on morbidity and mortality compared with those of non-gangrenous acute cholecystitis (NGAC) are poorly defined and based largely on findings from older studies. METHODS Patients with(More)
BACKGROUND There is an increasing demand for successful free tissue transfer, with postoperative monitoring of flaps a key to early salvage. Monitoring methods have ranged from clinical techniques to invasive options, of which two are particularly applicable to buried flaps (Cook-Swartz Doppler probe and microdialysis). The evidence for these options has(More)
PURPOSE The deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) flap has evolved significantly over time in the intricacies of flap design and breadth of surgical application. This has been facilitated by advances in preoperative imaging and planning, in particular, computed tomographic angiography. Studies have highlighted that advanced imaging modalities and other(More)
Despite the utility of the deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap, the presence of abdominal wall scars can limit flap perfusion. Pfannnstiel scars are among the most common abdominal scars, during which undermining at either a subfascial or suprafascial level can damage perforators. There is an anecdotal belief that raising a DIEP flap in(More)
The first annular (A1) pulley is an important structure of the hand, providing a biomechanical support to the metacarpophalangeal joint and maintaining joint stability and flexor tendon alignment. Albeit uncommon, disruption of this pulley can result in dislocation or ulnar drift of the digit, particularly pronounced in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.(More)
The treatment of comminuted fractures of the proximal interphalangeal joint is highly challenging due to the complexities of joint bio-mechanics and stability. The hemi-hamate osteochondral auto-graft has been popularised in this role, able to replace articular loss and restore joint stability. Recent evaluation of their long-term follow-up however has(More)
BACKGROUND Infrared thermography (IRT) has become an increasingly utilized adjunct to more expensive and/or invasive investigations in a range of surgical fields, no more so than in plastic surgery. The combination of functional assessment, flow characteristics and anatomical localization has led to increasing applications of this technology. This article(More)