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OBJECTIVE Acquired immune deficiency appears to be associated with serious non-AIDS (SNA)-defining conditions such as cardiovascular disease, liver and renal insufficiency and non-AIDS-related malignancies. We analysed the incidence of, and factors associated with, several SNA events in the LATINA retrospective cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cases of SNA(More)
In order to assess the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) drug resistance mutation profiles and evaluate the distribution of the genetic subtypes in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, blood samples from 547 HIV-1 infected patients failing antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, were collected during the years 2002 and 2003 to perform the viral resistance(More)
BACKGROUND Bacillemia is a key event in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis. Although current evidence indicates that Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteremia is rare in patients seronegative for the human immunodeficiency virus, it has been increasingly reported in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). OBJECTIVE To determine clinical and(More)
Although cervical cancer remains a major public health problem in Brazil, knowledge of cervical cytological abnormalities among HIV-infected women remains scarce. At baseline evaluation of a cohort followed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 703 HIV-infected women underwent cytology-based cervical cancer screening and human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing. Poisson(More)
Cervical lymph nodes biopsies from 31 HIV positive patients (with or without AIDS) were studied by histologic methods and immunohistochemistry (StreptABC staining of paraffin sections) to identify cellular and extracellular matrix components. The results were the following: (1) the biopsies were included in the stages of follicular hyperplasia without(More)
HIV-1-positive individuals were recruited from January 1993 to December 1996 from several cohorts receiving follow-up in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to evaluate HIV-1 genetic variability and the potential association with modes of transmission. HIV-1 subtyping was carried out using the heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA), and those samples(More)
Replication of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolate MN in CEM cells was less neutralized by the plasma from the mothers of infected children (MIC) in comparison with the plasma from the mothers of uninfected children (MUC). Significantly higher neutralization titres were observed for the sera from MUCs compared with MICs, and only the(More)
With the development of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, the isolation of mycobacteria from blood has become a common problem for clinical laboratories. In this study two methods were used for the recovery of mycobacteria from blood specimens obtained from AIDS patients: (1) direct inoculation of a biphasic medium, and (2) a(More)
Neutralization analyses were carried out with plasma from 132 volunteer human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infected women (76% pregnant, 24% with infants suspected for HIV-1 infection) collected between 1994 and 1998, against autologous and heterologous primary- and the reference HIV-1 MN isolates. A significantly lower percentage of HIV-1 transmissions(More)
BACKGROUND Information on vaccine-type HPV seroprevalence is essential for vaccine strategies; however, limited data are available on past exposure to HPV-quadrivalent vaccine types in HIV-infected woman in Brazil. OBJECTIVES To assess the seroprevalence for HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18 in HIV-infected and uninfected women, from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and(More)