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BACKGROUND Limited data exist on the risk factors for acute renal failure (ARF) following cardiac surgery in children with congenital heart disease. This cohort study was conducted to examine this subject, as well as changes in the incidence of ARF from 1993 to 2002, the in-hospital mortality and the time spent in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS(More)
The present single-center cohort study was based on a clinical intensive care unit database containing data on 1128 consecutive children undergoing their first operation for congenital heart disease between 1993 and 2002 at Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark. A total of 130 (11.5%) children developed postoperative acute renal failure (ARF) managed(More)
During prosthetic implantation, gaps between the implant surface and the surrounding bone may occur resulting in reduced implant stability. In these instances bone-conductive materials might augment the formation of hosting bone into the pores of the implant and insure earlier implant stabilization and fixation by bony ingrowth. Titanium-alloy cylinders(More)
BACKGROUND There are few detailed descriptions of the inflammatory response to cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children beyond 24 h postoperatively. This is especially true for the antiinflammatory cytokines and the extent of tissue injury. The aim of the current study was to describe the inflammatory and injury responses in(More)
OBJECTIVES A hybrid operation is a joint procedure involving the interventional cardiologist and the cardiac surgeon concomitantly to optimise surgical management. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the conceptual development and the feasibility of a hybrid approach to complex congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS Descriptive study of two different(More)
Experimental studies have demonstrated that intravenous magnesium (Mg) can protect the ischemic myocardium and has an antithrombotic effect. In patients with myocardial infarction, the reperfusion injury is complicated by the presence of a thrombogenic area in the affected coronary artery that may cause repetitive thrombus formation and embolization. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The concept of self-management of oral anticoagulation has been shown to entail better quality of treatment than conventional management when assessed in selected adults. We have extended the concept of self-management to include children with congenital cardiac disease, hypothesizing self-management of oral anticoagulation is also possible in(More)
Retrieval studies of porous-coated prostheses have demonstrated deficient bony ingrowth in high percentages. Possible reasons for this are lack of initial mechanical stability and the presence of osteopenia. The authors studied ingrowth of osteopenic bone into titanium alloy (Ti) porous-coated implants with and without hydroxyapatite (HA) coating in an(More)
The impact of naproxen treatment on juxta-articular hemodynamics and bone metabolism in experimental juvenile arthritis was studied in the articular carrageenan injection model. Unilateral gonarthritis was induced for 12 weeks in eight dogs receiving naproxen (dosage, 2 mg/kg) and eight controls. Regional blood flow was assessed by the microsphere method,(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure caval and pulmonary flows at rest and immediately after exercise in patients with total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC). DESIGN An observational study using the patients as their own controls. SETTING Using a combination of magnetic resonance (MR) phase contrast techniques and an MR compatible bicycle ergometer, blood flow was(More)