Learn More
A computer system was developed for simulation of population dynamics of interacting polygene patterns and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) under selection for a quantitative trait. The system is stochastic (Monte Carlo) and takes into account the main sources of random change in the patterns (recombinations, transpositions, excisions), genetic drift, and(More)
This review is dedicated to the comparison of the facts obtained and the proposed hypotheses, to the critical analysis of the situation arisen, and to the estimation of key propositions of the concept developed. The main point is that mobile genetic elements (MGEs) participate directly in expression, variability, selection and evolution of different(More)
A computer simulation model of the population dynamics of a polygenic system and a pattern of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) under directional truncation selection for a quantitative trait was developed. Modifier MGEs were shown to be rapidly and adaptively fixed (or lost) together with the modified polygenes. Marker MGEs and independent MGE copies were(More)
The MGEs of Drosophila and other objects contain open reading frames (ORFs) encoding transposition enzymes, and "motifs" similar to functional sites: promoters, enhancers, heat shock regulatory sites, those of reception of different stress external signals and hormones, recombination sites, etc. In other words, MGE play a role of "movable cassettes of(More)
A comparative selection-genetic analysis of three heterogeneous lines of Drosophila melanogaster with an interrupted longitudinal wing vein was performed. In the control line, riC, and two selection lines, riSP and riSN, overall patterns of localization of six families mobile genetic elements (MGE) (MGE) (MDG1, MDG2, MDG3, MDG4, copia, and 297) were(More)
Common features of the equations describing dynamics of the additive polygenic system under truncation selection are summarized. A combination of parameters playing the role of the effective selective pressure on the ith polygenic locus was revealed. The product of mean relative fitnesses of the individual polygenic loci, [formula: see text], was shown to(More)
A computer model of the populations dynamics of the patterns of polygenes, transposable elements (TEs), and origin identity labels (OILs) in the course of stabilizing selection for an additive quantitative trait (with the target value being 0.4 of the maximum) was analyzed. It was demonstrated that the final plateaus of the trait value and the frequencies(More)
Two "selection" sub-populations (ris- and ris+), as well as two "temperature" ones (ric113 and ric149) were earlier developed from the control ric sub-population with interrupted vein of the fly wing. All five sub-populations were investigated for hybridization of MGE Dm-412 with drosophila polytene chromosomes in situ. The tree of similarity of MGE Dm-412(More)
The functional expression of 12 scute alleles in homozygotes and compounds of Drosophila melanogaster at 14°, 22°, 30°C is analysed. Based on the data obtained, linear maps for bristles and mutations are built. The basic features of the maps, clustering and polarity, are invariable with respect to temperature, scute gene dosage and cross direction. In(More)
The sequential fulfillment of the principle of succession necessarily guides the main steps of the genetic code evolution to be reflected in its structure. The general scheme of the code series formation is proposed basing on the idea of "group coding" (Woese, 1970). The genetic code supposedly evolved by means of successive divergence of pra-ARS's loci,(More)