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Genetic Analysis of Lice Supports Direct Contact between Modern and Archaic Humans
Parasites can be used as unique markers to investigate host evolutionary history, independent of host data. Here we show that modern human head lice, Pediculus humanus, are composed of two ancientExpand
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Species Coextinctions and the Biodiversity Crisis
To assess the coextinction of species (the loss of a species upon the loss of another), we present a probabilistic model, scaled with empirical data. The model examines the relationship betweenExpand
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Dramatically elevated rate of mitochondrial substitution in lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera).
Few estimates of relative substitution rates, and the underlying mutation rates, exist between mitochondrial and nuclear genes in insects. Previous estimates for insects indicate a 2-9 times fasterExpand
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Avian louse phylogeny (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera): a cladistic study based on morphology
The louse suborder Ischnocera (Phthiraptera) contains 3060 currently described species from over 150 genera. These lice are permanent obligatory ectoparasites of a diverse selection of birds andExpand
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Phylogenetic analysis of partial sequences of elongation factor 1alpha identifies major groups of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera).
As a first attempt to use molecular data to resolve the relationships between the four suborders of lice and within the suborder Ischnocera, we sequenced a 347-bp fragment of the elongation factorExpand
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Multiple origins of parasitism in lice
A major fraction of the diversity of insects is parasitic, as herbivores, parasitoids or vertebrate ectopara sites. Understanding this diversity requires information on the origin of parasitism inExpand
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Evolutionary history of mammalian sucking lice (Phthiraptera: Anoplura)
BackgroundSucking lice (Phthiraptera: Anoplura) are obligate, permanent ectoparasites of eutherian mammals, parasitizing members of 12 of the 29 recognized mammalian orders and approximately 20% ofExpand
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A hitchhikers guide to the Galápagos: co-phylogeography of Galápagos mockingbirds and their parasites
BackgroundParasites are evolutionary hitchhikers whose phylogenies often track the evolutionary history of their hosts. Incongruence in the evolutionary history of closely associated lineages can beExpand
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Basal ischnoceran louse phylogeny (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Goniodidae and Heptapsogasteridae)
A phylogenetic analysis of generic relationships for avian chewing lice of families Goniodidae and Heptapsogasteridae (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) is presented. These lice, hosted by galliform,Expand
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No specimen left behind: industrial scale digitization of natural history collections
A new workflow for the mass-digitization of natural history museum collections based on these principles, and using SatScan® tray scanning system, is described. Expand
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