A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi.
Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny
It is indicated that there may have been at least four independent losses of the flagellum in the kingdom Fungi, and the enigmatic microsporidia seem to be derived from an endoparasitic chytrid ancestor similar to Rozella allomycis, on the earliest diverging branch of the fungal phylogenetic tree.
Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits.
This study provides a phylogenetic synthesis for the Fungi and a framework for future phylogenetic studies on fungi and the impact of this newly discovered phylogenetic structure on supraordinal classifications is discussed.
Integrating ambiguously aligned regions of DNA sequences in phylogenetic analyses without violating positional homology.
A new method is presented that allows the inclusion of ambiguously aligned regions without violating homology in phylogenetic analyses by integrating previously nonaccessible characters without violating positional homology, and can improve branch length estimations when using parsimony.
Major fungal lineages are derived from lichen symbiotic ancestors
The results show that lichens evolved earlier than believed, and that gains of lichenization have been infrequent during Ascomycota evolution, but have been followed by multiple independent losses of the lichen symbiosis.
A five-gene phylogeny of Pezizomycotina.
Pezizomycotina is the largest subphylum of Ascomycota and includes the vast majority of filamentous, ascoma-producing species, and the seven remaining classes formed a monophyletic group that corresponds to Leotiomyceta.
Contribution of RPB2 to multilocus phylogenetic studies of the euascomycetes (Pezizomycotina, Fungi) with special emphasis on the lichen-forming Acarosporaceae and evolution of polyspory.
Contemporaneous radiations of fungi and plants linked to symbiosis
The origins of plant-fungal symbioses and saprotrophy are evaluated using a time-calibrated phylogenetic framework that reveals linked and drastic shifts in diversification rates of each kingdom.
New insights into classification and evolution of the Lecanoromycetes (Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota) from phylogenetic analyses of three ribosomal RNA- and two protein-coding genes.
The phylogenies confirm that ascus morphology cannot be applied consistently to shape the classification of lichen-forming fungi and conclude that a phylogenetic synthesis for a chosen taxonomic group should include a comprehensive assessment of phylogenetic confidence based on multiple estimates using different methods and on a progressive taxon sampling with an increasing number of taxa, even if it involves an increasing amount of missing data.
Phylogenetic affiliations of members of the heterogeneous lichen-forming fungi of the genus Lecidea sensu Zahlbruckner (Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota)
The phylogenetic placement of members of this heterogeneous group of lichen-forming fungi is elucidated to improve the classification and phylogeny of Lecanoromycetes and the new combination Frutidella pullata is proposed here.