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Global and regional climate changes due to black carbon
Black carbon in soot is an efficient absorbing agent of solar irradiation that is preferentially emitted in the tropics and can form atmospheric brown clouds in mixture with other aerosols. TheseExpand
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Aerosols, Climate, and the Hydrological Cycle
Human activities are releasing tiny particles (aerosols) into the atmosphere. These human-made aerosols enhance scattering and absorption of solar radiation. They also produce brighter clouds thatExpand
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Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet
Crossing the boundaries in global sustainability The planetary boundary (PB) concept, introduced in 2009, aimed to define the environmental limits within which humanity can safely operate. ThisExpand
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Cloud-Radiative Forcing and Climate: Results from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
The study of climate and climate change is hindered by a lack of information on the effect of clouds on the radiation balance of the earth, referred to as the cloud-radiative forcing. QuantitativeExpand
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The Anthropocene: From Global Change to Planetary Stewardship
The Anthropocene is a reminder that the Holocene, during which complex human societies have developed, has been a stable, accommodating environment and is the only state of the Earth System that we know for sure can support contemporary society. Expand
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Seasonal variation of cloud radiative forcing derived from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
The NASA Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE), flying aboard multiple satellites, is providing new insights into the climate system. Monthly averaged clear-sky and cloudy sky flux data derivedExpand
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Atmospheric brown clouds: impacts on South Asian climate and hydrological cycle.
South Asian emissions of fossil fuel SO(2) and black carbon increased approximately 6-fold since 1930, resulting in large atmospheric concentrations of black carbon and other aerosols. This periodExpand
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Global anthropogenic aerosol direct forcing derived from satellite and ground-based observations
[1] A global estimate of the direct effects of anthropogenic aerosols on solar radiation in cloudy skies is obtained by integrating satellite and ground-based observations with models of aerosolExpand
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Indian Ocean Experiment: An integrated analysis of the climate forcing and effects of the great Indo-Asian haze
Every year, from December to April, anthropogenic haze spreads over most of the North Indian Ocean, and South and Southeast Asia. The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) documented this Indo-Asian hazeExpand
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Warming trends in Asia amplified by brown cloud solar absorption
Atmospheric brown clouds are mostly the result of biomass burning and fossil fuel consumption. They consist of a mixture of light-absorbing and light-scattering aerosols and therefore contribute toExpand
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