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Opioid epidemic in the United States.
Over the past two decades, as the prevalence of chronic pain and health care costs have exploded, an opioid epidemic with adverse consequences has escalated. Efforts to increase opioid use and aExpand
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Therapeutic use, abuse, and nonmedical use of opioids: a ten-year perspective.
The treatment of chronic pain, therapeutic opioid use and abuse, and the nonmedical use of prescription drugs have been topics of intense focus and debate. After the liberalization of laws governingExpand
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American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing in chronic non-cancer pain: Part 2--guidance.
RESULTS Part 2 of the guidelines on responsible opioid prescribing provides the following recommendations for initiating and maintaining chronic opioid therapy of 90 days or longer. 1. A)Expand
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Responsible, Safe, and Effective Prescription of Opioids for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) Guidelines.
BACKGROUND Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelinesExpand
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Evaluation of the relative contributions of various structures in chronic low back pain.
An attempt was made to determine the relative contribution of various structures to chronic low back pain, including facet joint(s), disc(s), and sacroiliac joint(s) in a prospective evaluation.Expand
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Prevalence of facet joint pain in chronic spinal pain of cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions
BackgroundFacet joints are a clinically important source of chronic cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine pain. The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the prevalence of facet jointExpand
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Non-endoscopic and endoscopic adhesiolysis in post-lumbar laminectomy syndrome: a one-year outcome study and cost effectiveness analysis.
Post lumbar laminectomy syndrome with its resultant chronic low back pain is estimated to occur in 20% to 50% of the patients. Among various procedures available, lysis of epidural adhesions isExpand
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A comparative effectiveness evaluation of percutaneous adhesiolysis and epidural steroid injections in managing lumbar post surgery syndrome: a randomized, equivalence controlled trial.
BACKGROUND Speculated causes of post lumbar surgery syndrome include epidural fibrosis, acquired stenosis, and facet joint pain among other causes. Even though fluoroscopically directed caudalExpand
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One day lumbar epidural adhesiolysis and hypertonic saline neurolysis in treatment of chronic low back pain: a randomized, double-blind trial.
BACKGROUND Chronic, refractory low back pain is a common problem. Percutaneous adhesiolysis with hypertonic saline neurolysis was described in the management of chronic refractory low back pain,Expand
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Role of one day epidural adhesiolysis in management of chronic low back pain: a randomized clinical trial.
Epidural fibrosis is seen as a common phenomenon among postlumbar laminectomy syndrome patients, contributing to approximately 60% of symptom recurrence. Percutaneous epidural lysis of adhesions hasExpand
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