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Polycystic ovaries and hyperandrogenism in women taking valproate for epilepsy.
TLDR
Menstrual disturbances, polycystic ovaries, and hyperandrogenism are often encountered in women taking valproate for epilepsy.
Poststroke depression correlates with cognitive impairment and neurological deficits.
TLDR
More than half of the patients suffer from depression after stroke, and the frequency of major depression seems to increase during the first year, and in addition to dysphasia, poststroke depression is correlated with other cognitive deficits.
Valproate, lamotrigine, and insulin‐mediated risks in women with epilepsy
TLDR
Valproate induces a metabolic syndrome with centripetal obesity, hyperinsulinemia lipid abnormalities, and polycystic ovaries/hyperandrogenism in women with epilepsy that can be reduced by substituting lamotrigine for valproate.
Reproductive effects of valproate, carbamazepine, and oxcarbazepine in men with epilepsy
TLDR
VPA increases serum androgen concentrations in men with epilepsy, and the endocrine effects of CBZ and OXC were different, because CBZ appears to decrease the bioactivity of androgens, whereas OxC does not.
Aphasia, Depression, and Non-Verbal Cognitive Impairment in Ischaemic Stroke
TLDR
Although the prevalence of depression in aphasic patients decreases in the long term, the proportion of patients suffering from major depression seems to increase, and the importance of the multidimensional evaluation of aphasics stroke patients is emphasized.
Ambulatory ECG and analysis of heart rate variability in Parkinson's disease.
TLDR
Parkinson's disease causes dysfunction of the diurnal autonomic cardiovascular regulation as demonstrated by the spectral measures of heart rate variability and the slope of the power law relation.
Heart rate dynamics in refractory and well controlled temporal lobe epilepsy
TLDR
In addition to reduced overall HR variability, the long term fractal organisation and complexity of HR dynamics seem to be altered in TLE.
Thyroid Function in Girls with Epilepsy with Carbamazepine, Oxcarbazepine, or Valproate Monotherapy and after Withdrawal of Medication
TLDR
Antiepileptic drugs may affect the serum thyroid hormone concentrations in girls taking carbamazepines, oxcarbazepine, or valproate monotherapy for epilepsy and after withdrawal of the treatment.
Serum hormones in male epileptic patients receiving anticonvulsant medication.
TLDR
It seems probable that accelerated hormone metabolism is responsible for the hormonal changes found in patients treated with carbamazepine and/or phenytoin, and the diverse endocrine effects of different antiepileptic drug regimens should be considered when starting antiespecific drug therapy.
Sexual functioning among stroke patients and their spouses.
TLDR
Sexual dysfunction and dissatisfaction with sexual life are common in both male and female stroke patients and in their spouses and psychological and social factors seem to exert a strong impact on sexual functioning and the quality of sexual life after stroke.
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