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Mycoheterotrophy : the biology of plants living on fungi
1 Mycoheterotrophy: An introduction Vincent S. F. T. Merckx, Erik F. Smets, and Chelsea D. Specht.
The dawn of symbiosis between plants and fungi
Evidence is presented that several species representing the earliest groups of land plants are symbiotic with fungi of the Mucoromycotina, raising the possibility that terrestrialization was facilitated by these fungi rather than, as conventionally proposed, by members of the Glomeromycota.
Analysis of network architecture reveals phylogenetic constraints on mycorrhizal specificity in the genus Orchis (Orchidaceae).
It is demonstrated that evolutionary processes may be an important factor in generating patterns of mycorrhizal associations in orchids and the interaction between Orchis and Tulasnellaceae fungi is significantly influenced by the phylogenetic relationships between theOrchis species.
Evolution of endemism on a young tropical mountain
This investigation of the evolutionary routes to endemism on the 4,095-metre-high Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, East Malaysia finds that most of its unique biodiversity is younger than the mountain itself, and comprises a mix of immigrant pre-adapted lineages and descendants from local lowland ancestors, although substantial shifts from lower to higher vegetation zones in this latter group were rare.
Identities and distributions of the co-invading ectomycorrhizal fungal symbionts of exotic pines in the Hawaiian Islands
This study examines the community structure of non-native ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with pine invasions in the Hawaiian Islands and surmises that these fungi share functional traits such as the ability for long-distance dispersal from plantations and host tree colonization via spore that lead to their success when introduced to new habitats.
Taxonomy and Classification
This chapter provides a description of all plant families and genera that include putative fully mycoheterotrophic species, excluding initial and partial mycoheterotrophs. The overview covers a total
Breakdown and delayed cospeciation in the arbuscular mycorrhizal mutualism
This work shows that extreme fidelity towards fungi has led cheater plants to lengthy evolutionary codiversification, demonstrating that one of the most diffuse mutualistic networks is vulnerable to the emergence, persistence and speciation of highly specific cheaters.
Evolution and Diversification
In this chapter, we discuss the current knowledge of the evolution and diversification history of mycoheterotrophic plants, including aspects about the origin of mycoheterotrophy, and common