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Kaolin particle films suppress many apple pests, disrupt natural enemies and promote woolly apple aphid
Kaolin treatments promoted woolly apple aphid infestation, which became severe, while it reduced the abundance of polyphagous predators like F. auricularia, predaceous Heteroptera and Coleoptera, the red velvet mite, spiders (Araneae) andThe abundance of common black ant (Lasius niger) increased in the kaolin‐treated plots.
Prey availability, pesticides and the abundance of orchard spider communities
Relationships between wild bees, hoverflies and pollination success in apple orchards with different landscape contexts
It is found that pollination success of apple was significantly related to the species richness of wild bees, regardless of the dominance of honey bees, and the maintenance of semi‐natural habitats within 500 m around apple orchards is highly recommended to enhance wild pollinator communities and apple production.
Arthropod ecosystem services in apple orchards and their economic benefits
The interacting ecosystem services provided by five contrasting naturally occurring arthropod groups in cool temperate apple orchards are reviewed, and their economic benefits broadly quantified.
Effect of pest management systems on foliage- and grass-dwelling spider communities in an apple orchard in Hungary
Abundance and species richness of entire spider communities in IPM plots were significantly higher than in conventional plots, probably owing to the lower toxicity of pesticides used and higher prey densities, and in the case of abundance, similar tendencies were observed in web-building and hunting spider guilds.
Species Composition of Carabid (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Communities in Apple and Pear Orchards in Hungary
Species richness and composition of carabid assemblages were investigated on the ground surface of differently treated (abandoned, commercial and IPM) apple and pear orchards in Hungary. Extensive…
Flowers for better pest control? Ground cover plants enhance apple orchard spiders (Araneae), but not necessarily their impact on pests
This study demonstrates that functional traits and abundances of spider guilds and species, rather than the total spider abundance per se, might explain the success or failure of spiders in conservation biological control.
Sugar feeding of the common black ant, Lasius niger (L.), as a possible indirect method for reducing aphid populations on apple by disturbing ant-aphid mutualism
Species Composition of Spider (Araneae) Assemblages in Apple and Pear Orchards in the Carpathian Basin
The species richness and composition of spider assemblages were investigated in the canopy, herbaceous-layer and at ground level when differently treated with pesticide and in abandoned apple and…
Flowers for better pest control? Effects of apple orchard groundcover management on mites (Acari), leafminers (Lepidoptera, Scitellidae), and fruit pests
It is demonstrated that in the presence of flowering ground cover plants, the sex ratio of eulophid parasitoids' (mainly Chrysocharis pentheus) reared from L. malifoliella larvae and pupae shifted towards a male bias.