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Botulinum toxin.
The National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference on Clinical Use of Botulinum Toxin brought together neurologists, ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists, speech pathologists, andExpand
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The Spastic Paraplegia Rating Scale (SPRS)
Objective: To develop and evaluate a clinical Spastic Paraplegia Rating Scale (SPRS) to measure disease severity and progression. Methods: A 13-item scale was designed to rate functional impairmentExpand
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Do patients with congenital hemiparesis and ipsilateral corticospinal projections respond differently to constraint‐induced movement therapy?
This study investigates whether the type of corticospinal reorganization (identified by transcranial magnetic stimulation) influences the efficacy of constraint‐induced movement therapy (CIMT). NineExpand
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The updated European Consensus 2009 on the use of Botulinum toxin for children with cerebral palsy.
An interdisciplinary European group of clinical experts in the field of movement disorders and experienced Botulinum toxin users has updated the consensus for the use of Botulinum toxin in theExpand
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Occlusion of bidirectional plasticity by preceding low-frequency stimulation in the human motor cortex
OBJECTIVE Low-frequency stimulation, which does not induce long-term potentiation (LTP) or long-term potentiation (LTD) by itself, suppresses consecutive LTP or LTD induction in vitro. We testedExpand
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Medium‐term functional benefits in children with cerebral palsy treated with botulinum toxin type A: 1‐year follow‐up using gross motor function measure
One of the main goals when treating spasticity is to relieve pain and improve function. Intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX‐A) has gained widespread acceptance in the treatment ofExpand
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Two types of exercise‐induced neuroplasticity in congenital hemiparesis: a transcranial magnetic stimulation, functional MRI, and magnetoencephalography study
Early unilateral brain lesions can lead to a persistence of ipsilateral corticospinal projections from the contralesional hemisphere, which can enable the contralesional hemisphere to exert motorExpand
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An SNP map of human chromosome 22
The human genome sequence will provide a reference for measuring DNA sequence variation in human populations. Sequence variants are responsible for the genetic component of individuality, includingExpand
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Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation does not decrease the variability of motor-evoked potentials
BACKGROUND One major attribute of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is the variability of motor-evoked potential (MEP) amplitudes, to which variations of coil positioning may contribute.Expand
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Sleep recalibrates homeostatic and associative synaptic plasticity in the human cortex
Sleep is ubiquitous in animals and humans, but its function remains to be further determined. The synaptic homeostasis hypothesis of sleep–wake regulation proposes a homeostatic increase in netExpand
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