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Structural Biology of Human H3K9 Methyltransferases
TLDR
This work solved the structures of the catalytic domains of GLP, G9a, Suv39H2 and PRDM2, four of the eight known human H3K9 methyltransferases in their apo conformation or in complex with the methyl donating cofactor, and peptide substrates, and analyzed the structural determinants for methylation state specificity. Expand
Revealing Nature’s Cellulase Diversity: The Digestion Mechanism of Caldicellulosiruptor bescii CelA
An Enzyme Drill Cellulase enzymes degrade the cell walls of plants by breaking down cellulose into its constituent sugar fragments and thus have attracted interest for biofuels production. UsingExpand
Crystal structure of the CorA Mg2+ transporter
The magnesium ion, Mg2+, is essential for myriad biochemical processes and remains the only major biological ion whose transport mechanisms remain unknown. The CorA family of magnesium transportersExpand
High-resolution crystal structure of Arthrobacter aurescens chondroitin AC lyase: an enzyme-substrate complex defines the catalytic mechanism.
TLDR
Comparison of this structure with that of chondroitinase AC from Flavobacterium heparinum (FlavoAC) provides an explanation for the exolytic and endolytic mode of action of ArthroAC and FlavoAC, respectively. Expand
The Structure of the MAPK Scaffold, MP1, Bound to Its Partner, p14
TLDR
A 2-Å resolution structure of the MAPK scaffold protein MP1 in a complex with its partner protein, p14, that localizes the complex to late endosomes is reported and mapping of highly conserved, surface-exposed residues on MP1 and p14 provided insight into the potential sites of binding of the signaling kinases MEK1 and ERK1 to this complex. Expand
Structural and Biochemical Characterization of the Type II Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase GlpX from Escherichia coli*
TLDR
It is demonstrated that Escherichia coli has two class II fructose-1,6-bisphosphatases, GlpX and YggF, which show different catalytic properties, and the crystal structure of the Glpx complex with phosphate demonstrated that the inhibitor molecule binds to the active site. Expand
Glyoxylate and Pyruvate Are Antagonistic Effectors of the Escherichia coli IclR Transcriptional Regulator*
TLDR
The strategy of combining chemical screens with functional assays and structural studies has uncovered two small molecules with antagonistic effects that regulate the IclR-dependent transcription of the aceBAK operon. Expand
Novel structural and regulatory features of rhoptry secretory kinases in Toxoplasma gondii
TLDR
X‐ray crystal structures of two related pseudokinases named ROP2 and ROP8, which differ primarily in their substrate‐binding site are reported, revealing a novel means of regulation governs ROP kinases implicated in parasite virulence. Expand
Structural and Functional Characterization of PseC, an Aminotransferase Involved in the Biosynthesis of Pseudaminic Acid, an Essential Flagellar Modification in Helicobacter pylori*
Helicobacter pylori flagellin is heavily glycosylated with the novel sialic acid-like nonulosonate, pseudaminic acid (Pse). The glycosylation process is essential for assembly of functional flagellarExpand
Essential Roles of Zinc Ligation and Enzyme Dimerization for Catalysis in the Aminoacylase-1/M20 Family*
TLDR
It is concluded that monomeric and dimeric Acy1/M20 family members share a unique active site architecture involving both enzyme domains, which may provide means to improve homologous carboxypeptidase G2 toward application in antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy. Expand
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