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The Name of the Game: Predictive Power of Reputations versus Situational Labels in Determining Prisoner’s Dilemma Game Moves
- V. Liberman, S. Samuels, L. Ross
- PsychologyPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
- 1 September 2004
Two experiments explored the predictive power of reputation-based assessments versus the stated “name of the game” (Wall Street Game vs. Community Game) in determining players’ responses in an N-move Prisoner’s Dilemma and showed that the relevant labeling manipulations exerted far greater impact on the players' choice to cooperate versus defect than anticipated by the individuals who had predicted their behavior.
Affirmation, acknowledgment of in-group responsibility, group-based guilt, and support for reparative measures.
- Sabina Čehajić-Clancy, Daniel A. Effron, E. Halperin, V. Liberman, L. Ross
- PsychologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
- 1 August 2011
Three studies demonstrated that affirming a positive aspect of the self can increase one's willingness to acknowledge in-group responsibility for wrongdoing against others, express feelings of group-based guilt, and consequently provide greater support for reparation policies.
Overconfidence in Probability and Frequency Judgments: A Critical Examination
The overconfidence observed in calibration studies has recently been questioned on both psychological and methodological grounds. In the first part of the article we discuss these issues and argue…
Local and global judgments of confidence.
- V. Liberman
- MathematicsJournal of experimental psychology. Learning…
- 1 May 2004
Three studies present evidence that global underconfidence reflects a failure to make an allowance for correct answers that are likely to result from mere guessing and can be eliminated by informing participants of the dubious normative status of estimates below 50% (i.e., chance).
Probability judgement in medicine: discounting unspecified possibilities.
The results showed that the physicians tended to discount unspecified possibilities, as predicted by support theory, and suggest that an awareness of the discrepancy between intuitive judgments and the laws of chance may provide opportunities for improving medical decision making.
Two to Tango
Having dyad members ask questions about the bases of partner’s estimates produced greater yielding and accuracy increases than having them explain their own estimates, and the latter two studies provided additional direct and indirect evidence for the role of naïve realism.
On the evaluation of probability judgments : calibration, resolution, and monotonicity
Judgments of probability are commonly evaluated by two criteria: calibration, namely, the correspondence between stated confidence and rate of occurrence, and resolution, namely, the ability to…
Naïve realism and capturing the “wisdom of dyads”
Emotion Regulation and the Cultivation of Political Tolerance
The goal of the current project is to integrate psychological research on emotion regulation with the study of democratic practices in general and political intolerance in particular. We hypothesized…
If They Can’t Change, Why Support Change? Implicit Theories About Groups, Social Dominance Orientation and Political Identity
- Dennis T. Kahn, M. R. Tagar, E. Halperin, M. Bäckström, J. Vitriol, V. Liberman
- Psychology, Political Science
- 26 April 2018
In three studies across three cultures (U.S., Sweden, and Israel), we examine whether implicit theories about groups are associated with political identity and whether this relationship is mediated…