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Pregnancy and contraception use among urban Rwandan women after HIV testing and counseling.
HIV-positive women with fewer than four children were more likely to become pregnant than those with four or more; this association persisted in multivariate analyses but was not noted among HIV-negative women.
Methadone, Buprenorphine, and Street Drug Interactions with Antiretroviral Medications
Patients should be monitored for methadone withdrawal or toxicity when they start or stop ARVs, with rare exceptions to date including atazanavir/ritonavir associated with significant increases in buprenorphine and adverse events related to sedation and mental status changes in some cases.
Adoption of Evidence-Based Practices among Substance Abuse Treatment Providers
While respondents reported agency support for EBPs, most expressed interest in further training, and the movement toward EBPs in addiction treatment and the need for effective dissemination and training in this area is highlighted.
Interactions between Alcohol and the HIV Entry Inhibitor Maraviroc
Maraviroc treatment should not be interrupted if alcohol is consumed, and marviroc pharmacokinetics were unaffected by alcohol, according to the present study.
Gender differences among HIV-positive methadone maintenance patients enrolled in a medication adherence trial
Findings suggest that gender differences between male and female methadone maintenance patients have relevance to treatment providers and extensive assessment, specialized medical care and mental health services may be warranted in the treatment of HIV-positive female drug abusers.
Untreated HIV Infection Is Associated With Higher Blood Alcohol Levels
It is indicated that patients with untreated HIV disease who ingest alcohol are at greater risk for alcohol associated adverse events and toxicities and underscores the need for simultaneous treatment of alcohol use disorders and HIV in patients with co-occurring conditions.
Longer episodes of community residential care reduce substance abuse patients' readmission rates.
Longer episodes of community residential care can contribute to better outcomes for substance abuse patients, in part by maintaining patients' involvement in outpatient mental health care.