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Pregnancy and contraception use among urban Rwandan women after HIV testing and counseling.
OBJECTIVES This study examined hormonal contraceptive use and pregnancy in urban Rwandan women, following human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing and counseling. METHODS A sample ofExpand
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Methadone, Buprenorphine, and Street Drug Interactions with Antiretroviral Medications
While street drugs appear unlikely to alter the metabolism of antiretroviral (ARV) medications, several ARVs may induce or inhibit metabolism of various street drugs. However, research on theseExpand
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Adoption of Evidence-Based Practices among Substance Abuse Treatment Providers
This research was conducted at a Substance Abuse Forum designed to address local community needs by focusing on Evidence-Based Practices (EBPs) in addiction treatment. The purpose of the study was toExpand
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Voucher reinforcement improves medication adherence in HIV-positive methadone patients: a randomized trial.
This clinical trial evaluated a contingency management intervention designed to improve medication adherence among HIV-positive methadone maintenance patients. After a 4-week baseline observationExpand
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A randomized trial of 6-month methadone maintenance with standard or minimal counseling versus 21-day methadone detoxification.
BACKGROUND Important questions remain regarding the necessary duration and intensity for methadone treatment to be effective. METHODS As part of a clinical trial of tuberculosis chemoprophylaxisExpand
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A controlled trial of methadone treatment combined with directly observed isoniazid for tuberculosis prevention in injection drug users.
Substance abuse is associated with high risk for tuberculosis (TB) and poor adherence to medication regimens. This study compared completion rates for isoniazid (INH) preventive therapy for injectionExpand
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Interactions between Alcohol and the HIV Entry Inhibitor Maraviroc
Background: Alcohol use is common among people with HIV, and beliefs about alcohol interactions with medications predict decreased medication adherence, risking drug-resistant mutations. Maraviroc isExpand
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Gender differences among HIV-positive methadone maintenance patients enrolled in a medication adherence trial
Abstract This study examined baseline gender differences among HIV-positive methadone maintenance outpatients currently prescribed antiretroviral medications. Participants were enrolled in a largerExpand
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Untreated HIV Infection Is Associated With Higher Blood Alcohol Levels
Background:Alcohol abuse has been associated with HIV/AIDS progression, but the effects of HIV infection and treatment on alcohol exposure have not been explored to date. This pilot study examinesExpand
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Longer episodes of community residential care reduce substance abuse patients' readmission rates.
OBJECTIVE The study focuses on whether substance abuse patients who enter a community residential facility (CRF) after discharge from inpatient care obtain more outpatient mental health care and haveExpand
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