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1898: The Beginning of the End for Chinese Religion?
On July 10, 1898, the reformist leader Kang Youwei 康有為 (1858–1927) memorialized the throne proposing that all academies and temples in China, with the exception of those included in registers ofExpand
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The Religious Question in Modern China
Recent events - from strife in Tibet and the rapid growth of Christianity in China to the spectacular expansion of Chinese Buddhist organizations around the globe - vividly demonstrate that oneExpand
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The Invention of an Order: Collective Identity in Thirteenth-Century Quanzhen Taoism
analyses how the Quanzhen movement became during the 13th century a cohesive clerical order through several methods to build a strong collective identity, with unified systems for training and namingExpand
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The Concept of Religion in China and the West
The religious question in China, which is today marked by various conflicts between the state and unrecognized confessional organizations, can be understood only in a historical perspective. InExpand
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Republican Church Engineering. The National Religious Associations in 1912 China
the new religious policies of the Republican regime in 1912 China created the need for representative national associations for each of the officially recognized religions. This article analyses andExpand
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The Taoists of Peking, 1800-1949: A Social History of Urban Clerics
By looking at the activities of Taoist clerics in Peking, this book explores the workings of religion as a profession in one Chinese city during a period of dramatic modernisation. The author focusesExpand
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Spirit Writing, Canonization, and the Rise of Divine Saviors: Wenchang, Lüzu, and Guandi, 1700–1858
This article aims to define one stage in the long history of the production of texts by Chinese elites using spirit writing. This stage lasted approximately from 1700 to 1858. It is characterized byExpand
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Counting the Monks: The 1736-1739 Census of the Chinese Clergy
analyses archival data on the census of 340,000 buddhist and taoists in clerics in 1736-1739; part 1 deals with the political control aspects of the census; part 2 examines the census results and theExpand
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