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Epidemiology, molecular virology and diagnostics of Schmallenberg virus, an emerging orthobunyavirus in Europe
After the unexpected emergence of Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) in northern Europe in 2006, another arbovirus, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), emerged in Europe in 2011 causing a new economicallyExpand
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  • Open Access
Zoonotic origin of hepatitis E.
The concept of zoonotic viral hepatitis E has emerged a few years ago following the discovery of animal strains of hepatitis E virus (HEV), closely related to human HEV, in countries where sporadicExpand
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Induction and control of the type I interferon pathway by Bluetongue virus
Abstract The innate immune response is the first line of defence against viruses, involving the production of type I IFN (IFN-α/β) and other pro-inflammatory cytokines that control theExpand
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Zoonotic Hepatitis E Virus: Classification, Animal Reservoirs and Transmission Routes
During the past ten years, several new hepatitis E viruses (HEVs) have been identified in various animal species. In parallel, the number of reports of autochthonous hepatitis E in Western countriesExpand
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  • Open Access
The Npro product of classical swine fever virus and bovine viral diarrhea virus uses a conserved mechanism to target interferon regulatory factor-3.
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a member of the genus Pestivirus in the family Flaviviridae. The N(pro) product of CSFV targets the host's innate immune response and can prevent the productionExpand
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Recent knowledge on hepatitis E virus in Suidae reservoirs and transmission routes to human
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes self-limiting acute hepatitis in humans that can eventually result in acute liver failures or progress to chronic infections. While in tropical and sub-tropical areas,Expand
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NS3 of Bluetongue Virus Interferes with the Induction of Type I Interferon
ABSTRACT Upon infection with Bluetongue virus (BTV), an arthropod-borne virus, type I interferon (IFN-I) is produced in vivo and in vitro. IFN-I is essential for the establishment of an antiviralExpand
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Identification of bluetongue virus and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serotypes in French Guiana in 2011 and 2012.
In French Guiana, the sero- and viro-prevalence of Bluetongue virus (BTV) is high but the circulating serotypes remain unknown. No data are available regarding the prevalence of Epizootic hemorrhagicExpand
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Likely Introduction Date of Schmallenberg Virus into France According to Monthly Serological Surveys in Cattle.
To estimate the date of introduction of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) into France, the prevalence of antibodies against the virus was determined monthly in cattle from two northern departments fromExpand
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Validation of a Commercially Available Indirect Elisa Using a Nucleocapside Recombinant Protein for Detection of Schmallenberg Virus Antibodies
A newly developed Enzym Like Immuno Sorbant Assay (ELISA) based on the recombinant nucleocapsid protein (N) of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was evaluated and validated for the detection of SBV-specificExpand
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  • Open Access