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Ghrelin inhibits leptin- and activation-induced proinflammatory cytokine expression by human monocytes and T cells.
- V. Dixit, E. M. Schaffer, +5 authors D. Taub
- Chemistry, Medicine
- The Journal of clinical investigation
- 1 July 2004
Ghrelin, a recently described endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), is produced by stomach cells and is a potent circulating orexigen, controlling energy… Expand
The NALP3/NLRP3 Inflammasome Instigates Obesity-Induced Autoinflammation and Insulin Resistance
The emergence of chronic inflammation during obesity in the absence of overt infection or well-defined autoimmune processes is a puzzling phenomenon. The Nod-like receptor (NLR) family of innate… Expand
The ketone metabolite β-hydroxybutyrate blocks NLRP 3 inflammasome – mediated inflammatory disease
nature medicine advance online publication The ketone bodies b-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and acetoacetate (AcAc) support mammalian survival during states of energy deficit by serving as alternative… Expand
Alternate day calorie restriction improves clinical findings and reduces markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in overweight adults with moderate asthma.
Asthma is an increasingly common disorder responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality. Although obesity is a risk factor for asthma and weight loss can improve symptoms, many patients do not… Expand
Adipose tissue macrophages promote myelopoiesis and monocytosis in obesity.
Obesity is associated with infiltration of macrophages into adipose tissue (AT), contributing to insulin resistance and diabetes. However, relatively little is known regarding the origin of AT… Expand
Obesity Increases the Production of Proinflammatory Mediators from Adipose Tissue T Cells and Compromises TCR Repertoire Diversity: Implications for Systemic Inflammation and Insulin Resistance
Emerging evidence suggests that increases in activated T cell populations in adipose tissue may contribute toward obesity-associated metabolic syndrome. The present study investigates three… Expand
Uric acid and inflammatory markers.
AIMS The role of uric acid (UA) in the process of atherosclerosis and atherotrombosis is controversial. Epidemiological studies have recently shown that UA may be a risk factor for cardiovascular… Expand
Ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate blocks the NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammatory disease
The ketone bodies β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and acetoacetate (AcAc) support mammalian survival during states of energy deficit by serving as alternative sources of ATP. BHB levels are elevated by… Expand
Immunological complications of obesity
Current approaches for the treatment of obesity, including diet and lifestyle changes, have not been successful in curtailing the obesity epidemic. The higher incidence of inflammation-associated… Expand
Gamma secretase–mediated Notch signaling worsens brain damage and functional outcome in ischemic stroke
Mice transgenic for antisense Notch and normal mice treated with inhibitors of the Notch-activating enzyme γ-secretase showed reduced damage to brain cells and improved functional outcome in a model… Expand