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Death receptors: signaling and modulation.
Apoptosis is a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number in tissues and to eliminate individual cells that threaten the animal's survival. Certain cells have unique… Expand
Cryopyrin activates the inflammasome in response to toxins and ATP
A crucial part of the innate immune response is the assembly of the inflammasome, a cytosolic complex of proteins that activates caspase-1 to process the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β… Expand
Non-canonical inflammasome activation targets caspase-11
Caspase-1 activation by inflammasome scaffolds comprised of intracellular nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) and the adaptor ASC is believed to be essential for… Expand
FADD, a novel death domain-containing protein, interacts with the death domain of fas and initiates apoptosis
Using the cytoplasmic domain of Fas in the yeast two-hybrid system, we have identified a novel interacting protein, FADD, which binds Fas and Fas-FD5, a mutant of Fas possessing enhanced killing… Expand
An antagonist decoy receptor and a death domain-containing receptor for TRAIL.
TRAIL, also called Apo2L, is a cytotoxic protein that induces apoptosis of many transformed cell lines but not of normal tissues, even though its death domain-containing receptor, DR4, is expressed… Expand
De-ubiquitination and ubiquitin ligase domains of A20 downregulate NF-κB signalling
NF-κB transcription factors mediate the effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β. Failure to downregulate NF-κB transcriptional activity results in… Expand
Mechanisms and Functions of Inflammasomes
Recent studies have offered a glimpse into the sophisticated mechanisms by which inflammasomes respond to danger and promote secretion of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18. Activation of caspases 1 and… Expand
The Receptor for the Cytotoxic Ligand TRAIL
TRAIL (also known as Apo-2L) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand family that rapidly induces apoptosis in a variety of transformed cell lines. The human receptor for TRAIL was found… Expand
Differential activation of the inflammasome by caspase-1 adaptors ASC and Ipaf
Specific adaptors regulate the activation of initiator caspases; for example, FADD and Apaf-1 engage caspases 8 and 9, respectively. The adaptors ASC, Ipaf and RIP2 have each been proposed to… Expand
FLICE, A Novel FADD-Homologous ICE/CED-3–like Protease, Is Recruited to the CD95 (Fas/APO-1) Death-Inducing Signaling Complex
To identify CAP3 and CAP4, components of the CD95 (Fas/APO-1) death-inducing signaling complex, we utilized nano-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry, a recently developed technique to sequence… Expand